The Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences (SJMS) endorses the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) Policy Statement on Geopolitical Intrusion on Editorial Decisions and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. It adheres to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The SJMS also endorses the Editorial Policy Statements approved by the Council of Science Editors Board of Directors at

  • Conflict-of-interest statement: A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, one of which could possibly corrupt the motivation of the individual or organization. The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of impropriety. “A competing interest is anything that interferes with or could reasonably be perceived as interfering with, the full and objective presentation, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication of research or non-research articles submitted to a journal. Competing interests can be financial or nonfinancial, professional, or personal. Competing interests can arise in relation to an organization or another person.” The Wiley definition is noted here.  If there are any conflicts of interest, authors should disclose them in the manuscript. It is important to provide a disclosure statement in the manuscript.
  • Informed consent & Ethical committee approval: For the studies involving human or human subjects, informed consent of the participants and an approval of the concerned ethical committee is needed. Medical research is subject to ethical standards that promote and ensure respect for all human subjects and protect their health and rights. Experimental, clinical, and drug studies requiring approval by an ethics committee must be submitted to the journal with an ethics committee approval report confirming that the research was conducted in accordance with international agreements and The Declaration of Helsinki, articles failing to adhere to this will not be considered for publication. Any clinical trial should be registered at a national clinical trial registration office. The study should follow the standard reporting guidelines available at EQUATOR Network and NLM
  • Statement of animal rights: For animal subjects, appropriate training for all research personnel should be prescribed, and adequate veterinary care should be available. Experiments must comply with any rules or regulations promulgated to govern the humane handling, housing, care, treatment, and transportation of animals by National or Institutional Guide.
  • Authorship: The definition of authorship is based on contributions as follows:
    • Concepts, Literature search
    • Clinical studies, Experimental studies
    • Data acquisition, Data analysis, Statistical analysis
    • Manuscript preparation, Manuscript editing, Manuscript review
    • Final Approval of the version to be published
    Each author's role should be indicated. Other participants to the study, who are not authors, should be listed in the Acknowledgements section.
  • Plagiarism: All papers published in KnE Publishing will be screened for plagiarism using the Crossref Similarity Check, powered by iThenticate. The SJMS editorial office will take appropriate action as directed by the standards set forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) if a high similarity rate is discovered. All Knowledge E published content is permanently archived in Portico, a not-for-profit organization with a mission and singular focus to provide a permanent archive of electronic scholarly content.
  • Data sharing statement: The SJMS endorses the ICMJE Recommendations for data sharing statement policy; especially the clinical trial results should submit a data-sharing statement following the ICMJE guidelines.
  • Post-publication: The Editorial Board may consider erratum, corrigendum, or a retraction. If there are any revisions to the article, there will be a CrossMark description to announce the final draft. If there is a reader’s opinion on the published article, it will be forwarded to the authors. The authors can reply to the reader’s letter. Letter to the editor and the author’s reply may also be published.
  • Publication misconduct: When the Journal faces suspected cases of research misconduct such as a redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fabricated data, changes in authorship, undisclosed conflicts of interest, an ethical problem discovered within the submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and other issues, the resolving process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics. The Editorial Board of SJMS will discuss the suspected cases and reach a decision. The journal will not hesitate to publish errata, corrigenda, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed. Any article that does not comply with the SJMS publication policies or any unethical behaviour or serious errors in results on in conclusions may be “Withdrawn” or “retracted.” Article replacement (retraction with republication) can be considered in cases where honest error occurred.
  • Appeals and complaints: The journal stands by the COPE guidelines regarding revisiting editorial decisions and complaints.

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