Looking at the Possibility of Implementing Green Economy Policies Through the Legal Framework of Corporate Social Responsibility


Green economy policies must be encouraged so that welfare can be improved without sacrificing environmental sustainability which is the capital of the lives of future generations. This paper aims to see the possibility of implementing a green economy through the legal framework of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The method used is a normative legal research method. The results show that the implementation of the green economy concept within the CSR framework can only be implemented if regulatory weaknesses to the implementation of CSR in Indonesia can be overcome, including strengthening legal instruments, the existence of sanctions, expanding the subject of CSR implementation, the establishment of assessment and supervisory bodies so that the implementation of CSR for entrepreneurs is carried out optimally and consistently, to CSR technical references.

Keywords: Green Economy; Corporate Social Responsibility; Framework.

[1] ‘Directorate For Financial And Enterprise Affairs Competition Committee Sustainability and Competition-Note by Greece’, 2020, Accessed: Sep. 30, 2023. [Online]. Available:http://www.oecd.org/daf/competition/sustainability-and-competition.htm

[2] White ND, Footer ME, Senior K, van Dorp M, Kiezebrink V, Puraka YW, et al. Blurring Public and Private Security in Indonesia: Corporate Interests and Human Rights in a Fragile Environment Human rights · Indonesia · Land rights · Logging · Private military and security companies · Natural resources industry · Palm oil · Public-private security · Responsibility. Neth Int Law Rev. 2018;65(2):217–52.

[3] Pfajfar G, Shoham A, Malecka A, Zalaznik M. Value of corporate social responsibility for multiple stakeholders and social impact – Relationship marketing perspective. J Bus Res. 2022 Apr;143:46–61.

[4] Vernyuy Wirba A. ‘Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The role of government in promoting CSR’, 123AD, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-023-01185-0..

[5] United Nations. ‘With climate crisis generating growing threats to global peace, security council must ramp up efforts, lessen risk of conflicts, speakers stress in open debate | UN Press’, United Nations Meeting Coverage and Press Releases. Accessed: Sep. 30, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://press.un.org/en/2023/sc15318.doc.htm

[6] Elok Syah Messwati. ‘70 Persen Kerusakan Lingkungan akibat Operasi Tambang’, Kompas.com. Accessed: Sep. 30, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://regional.kompas.com/read/2012/09/28/17313375/70.Persen.Kerusakan. Lingkungan.akibat.Operasi.Tambang

[7] Taekema S.Methodologies of Rule of Law Research: Why Legal Philosophy Needs Empirical and Doctrinal Scholarship, vol. 40, no. 1. Springer Netherlands, 2021.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10982-020-09388-1.

[8] Ansari T, Negara S. Normative Legal Research in Indonesia: Its Originis and Approaches [ACLJ]. Audito Comparative Law Journal. 2023 Feb;4(1):1–9.

[9] Hidayah NP. ‘Comparative study of legal protection for migrant workers in participation of social security programs in Indonesia and Singapore’,Legality Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 47–59, 2020, Accessed: Jul. 25, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://ejournal.umm.ac.id/index.php/legality/article/view/11786/pdf https: //doi.org/10.22219/ljih.v28i1.11786.

[10] Hidayah NP, Cloet QR, Pradhan D. The Implementation of Labor Development Principles According to Job Creation Law as a Reason to Protect Wages Rights. Bestuur. 2021;9(1):68–76.

[11] Jatmiko BD, Hidayah NP, Echaib S. ‘Legal Status of Interfaith Marriage in Indonesia and Its Implications for Registration’,Journal of Human Rights. Culture and Legal System. 2022;2(3):167–77.

[12] Shayan NF, Mohabbati-Kalejahi N, Alavi S, Zahed MA. ‘Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a framework for corporate social responsibility (CSR)’,Sustainability 2022, Vol. 14, Page 1222, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 1222, Jan. 2022, .https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031222.

[13] Fatima T, Elbanna S. ‘Corporate social responsibility (CSR) implementation: A review and a research agenda towards an integrative framework’.Journal of Business Ethics 2022 183:1, vol. 183, no. 1, pp. 105–121, Feb. 2022, .https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-022- 05047-8.

[14] Novitasari M, Jiwa Z, Tarigan H, Leitao C, Pereira DB. ‘The Role of Green Innovation in the Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Firm Performance’, Economies 2022, Vol. 10, Page 117, vol. 10, no. 5, p. 117, May 2022, .https://doi.org/10.3390/economies10050117.

[15] Ryszawska B. The Role of CSR in the Transition to a Green Economy. CSR, Sustainability, Ethics and Governance; 2019. pp. 105–19.

[16] Romero-Infante JA, Ramírez MS, Luna LA, Leguizamon S, Verjel E. Green economy metrics as a promoter of sustainable development in universities. Case study: El Bosque University. Journal of Sustainability Perspectives. 2022 Aug;2: https://doi. org/10.14710/jsp.2022.15546.

[17] Gyamfi BA, Agozie DQ, Musah M, Onifade ST, Prusty S. The synergistic roles of green openness and economic complexity in environmental sustainability of Europe’s largest economy: implications for technology-intensive and environmentally friendly products. Environ Impact Assess Rev. 2023 Sep;102:107220.

[18] Lu J, Ren L, Zhang C, Rong D, Ahmed RR, Streimikis J. Modified Carroll’s pyramid of corporate social responsibility to enhance organizational performance of SMEs industry. J Clean Prod. 2020 Oct;271:122456.

[19] Dresse A, Nielsen JO, Fischhendler I. From corporate social responsibility to environmental peacebuilding: the case of bauxite mining in Guinea. Resour Policy. 2021 Dec;74:102290.

[20] Turcotte MF, Lachance A. Towards a repertoire of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices in the extractive industries. Extr Ind Soc. 2023 Sep;15:101316.


[22] Manthovani R, Wiwoho J. The Urgency of Sanctions for Violators of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for Improving of The Welfare of Society. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. Indonesia: Atlantis Press; Oct. 2019. pp. 228–32.

[23] Bunga Nayenggita G, et al. PRAKTIK CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR)DI INDONESIA. Focus : Jurnal Pekerjaan Sosial. 2019 Aug;2(1):61–6.