Free Trade Principles of the Service Sector Applicable on Mutual Recognition Arrangement in ASEAN


Free trade extends to services as well as to goods. In this situation, removing trade restrictions on services is necessary to increase market accessibility. While this is going on, the application of national treatment, technical regulations, standards, and conformity assessment might be a barrier to the free trade of services. This research intends to examine the “mutual recognition arrangement’s” (MRA) free trade principles for the services sector. This research is normative legal research. MRA is one of ASEAN’s policies in facilitating free trade including trade in services. Under AFAS (“ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services”), which intends to mobilize trade in the service sector, particularly about standardization and conformity assessment, MRA on free trade in the service sector is developed. The principle of non-discrimination, which consists of “most favored nations” (MFN), national treatment, and transparency, supports free trade in the service industry. Free trade in the service sector through the MRA has the principle of mutual recognition through testing of qualification requirements and technical standards that have been approved by member states without discrimination such as giving special treatment. Every producer gets equal treatment both at home and abroad, and all provisions and policies must be published so that each member of the state may be aware of them.

Keywords: principles of MRA, free trade in services sector, MRA

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