Developing Students' Engagement in Online Learning Questionnaire using Rasch Measurement Model


Student engagement is an essential factor in online learning. Hence, it needs to be assessed. This study developed a questionnaire to measure student engagement in online learning. Initially, 24 items were developed. All items were measured using a five-point Likert scale. Experts reviewed the items; revisions were conducted based on experts’ appraisals. Then, Rasch analysis was conducted to determine the construct validity and reliability. One hundred seventeen undergraduate students participated in the trial phase. Based on the Rasch analysis using Winsteps, the item and person reliabilities were 0.98 and 0.82, respectively. The item reliability can be considered very good. The item and person separation indexes were 6.37 and 2.15, respectively. The mean-square (MNSQ), standardized as a z-score (ZSTD), and point measure correlation were used as criteria to refine items. Five items should be dropped because they did not meet the requirements. The final questionnaire consisted of 19 items.

Keywords: student engagement, online learning, Rasch Measurement model

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