Clinical and Biochemical Blood Parameters of White-Tailed Deer Under Stress Conditions
White-tailed deer have been introduced into Russia, andthey are exposed to stress factors. The aim of this article was to study the clinical and biochemical blood parameters of white-tailed deer under stress. The experiment was conducted on 24 adult animals. Under stress the content of the red blood cells and hemoglobin increased, and the content of the leukocytes decreased with an increase in the share of segmented neutrophils and a decrease in the share of lymphocytes. In the blood serum, the content of glucose, total bilirubin, creatinine, urea, cholesterol, and enzymes KFK, LDH and GGT increased, and the content of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron decreased.
Keywords: odocoileus virginianus, adaptation, introducers, stress factor, immunosuppression
 Blood, D.A. (2000).White-tailed deer in British Columbia, British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Lands and Parks, p. 6. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/whttail.pdf
 Guiascón,Ó. and Paz,S.E. (2018).Hunting and Use of White-Tailed Deer in Mayan Communities, Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems , vol. 21, issue 2,pp. 283–294.
 Marco,I., et al. (2002).Transport Stress in Roe Deer (Capreolus Capreolus): Effect of a ShortActing,Animal Welfare, vol. 11, issue 4, pp.405-417.
 Kennedy-Slaney, L., et al.(2018). Northward Bound: The Distribution of White-Tailed Deer in Ontario under a Changing Climate.Wildlife Research,vol. 45,pp. 220–228.
 Lashley,M.A. and Harper,C.A.(2012).The Effects of Extreme Drought on Native Forage Nutritional Quality and White-Tailed Deer Diet Selection. Southeastern Naturalist,vol. 11, issue 4,pp. 699–710.
 Smith,M.L.(2011).Blood Chemistry of Free-Ranging and Captive White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Texas.(Master’s thesis,Texas A&M University,2011).
 Webb,S.L.(2012).Biology and Management of White-Tailed Deer. Journal of Wildlife Management , vol. 76, issue 1,pp. 220–221.
 Wesson,J.A., et al.(2011).Influence of Chemical Immobilization and Physical Restraint on Packed Cell Volume, Total Protein, Glucose, and Blood Urea Nitrogen in Blood of White-Tailed Deer. Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 57, issue 4,pp. 756–767.
 Boesch,J.M,et al.(2011). Biochemical Variables in Free-ranging White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) after Chemical Immobilization in Clover Traps or Via Ground-Darting, American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine , vol. 42, issue 1,pp. 18–28.
 Waid,D.D. and Warren, R.J.(1984). Seasonal Variations in Physiological Indices of Adult Female WhiteTailed Deer in Texas. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 20, issue 3,pp. 212–219.
 Klinger, S.R., et al.(1986). Blood characteristics of white-tailed deer from northeastern Kansas. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 22, issue 3,pp. 385–388.
 Chapple,R.S., et al.(1991).Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Captive Unsedated Chital Deer (Axis axis) in Australia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 27, issue 3,pp. 396–406.