Protection Elements for Safflower Oilseeds


Agricultural techniques for growing safflower, adaptive to the natural and climatic zone, is an important and necessary measure for increasing yields and improving the quality of oil seeds of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L). Biological and morph physiological characteristics of the culture and its variety determine the technological methods for its cultivation and production of oil seeds. Safflower is a crop that is of great value and is able to replace sunflower. The agricultural technology of its cultivation in the Lower Volga region is constantly being studied; however, safflower plant protection methods are not well understood. Experiments to study the effectiveness of safflower protection methods were carried out in 2017-2019 on the territory of the experimental field of the Federal Research Center for Agro-Ecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, where light chestnut soils with a humus content of 1.2-2.0% and pH = 7.8 predominate. Ways of protecting safflower were considered and the effectiveness of seed dressing with a mixture of Vincit 1.5 l/t + Fertigrain Start 0.5 l/t was revealed. This option was the most profitable (16.5%), with a yield of 1.2 t/ha. The control option using a mixture of Vincit + Azotovit + Phosphatovit 1.5 l/t + 2.2 l/t + 2.2 l produced a yield of 0.8 t/ha and was not profitable.

Keywords: agricultural technology, safflower, productivity, oil content of seeds, plant protection, root rot, pesticides, agrochemicals

[1] Kirichkova, I.V., Melikhov, A.V. and Vasiliev, A.M. (2019). The Issue of Increasing the Productivity of Safflower Dyeing in the Conditions of the Volga-Don Interfluve. Bulletin of the Lower Volga Agricultural University: science and higher professional education, vol. 2, issue 54,pp. 90-98.

[2] Vavilov, P.P. (1979). Crop Production. Moscow: Kolo.

[3] Fedotova, V. A. and Kadyrov, S. V. (2019).Crop Production of the Central Black Soil of Russia Voronezh. FSBEIHE Voronezh: Voronezh State Agrarian University, p. 374.

[4] Stacy, D. S., Zou, J. and Weselake, R. J.(2016). Abiotic Factors Influence Plant Storage Lipid Accumulation and Composition. Plant Science, vol. 243, pp. 1-9.

[5] Ashraf, M. and Harris, P. J. C. (2004).Potential Biochemical Indicators of Salinity Tolerance in Plants.Plant Science, vol. 166, issue 1, pp. 3-16.

[6] Kuleshov, A.M. (2020).The Productivity of Safflower Varieties in the Volgograd Region. ScientificAgronomical Journal, vol. 1, issue 108, p. 36.

[7] Kuleshov, A.M. (2014). Comparative Characteristics of Safflower Varieties. Scientific-Agronomical Journal, vol. 1, issue 94, pp. 43-44.

[8] Kuleshov, A.M. (2012). Safflower is a Culture of Promising Opportunities. Scientific-Agronomical Journal, vol. 1, issue 90, pp. 38-39.

[9] Kutsenkova, V.S., Lyamina, N.P. and Innocent, N.V. (2018) New Technologies of Flour Products of High Nutritional Value for Diet Therapy of Overweight People. Nutrition Matters, vol. 87, pp. 280-281.

[10] Kutsenkova, V.S. and Ptichkina, N.M. (2016). Development of Technology and Recipes for Bakery Products with the Addition of Safflower Seeds. Food Industry, vol. 1, issue 9, p.24.

[11] Norov, M.S. (2019). Productivity of Various Varieties of Safflower in the Dry Conditions of Central Tajikistan. Oilseeds, vol. 3, issue 179, pp. 60-63.

[12] Ivanov, V.M. and Tolmachev, V.V. (2010). Dates, Norms and Methods of Safflower Sowing in the Volgograd Volga region. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, vol.7, issue 73, p.73.

[13] Korolyuk, E. A. (2003).Dyeing Plants of Altai and Adjacent Territories. Chemistry of Plant Raw Materials, vol.1, issue 1,p. 101.

[14] Narusheva, E. A. and Bozenik, E.V. (2015). The Effectiveness of the Estimated Doses of Nitrogen Fertilizers and Growth Regulators when Growing Safflower. Eurasian Union of Scientists, vol. 1, issue 10,pp. 73-74.

[15] Afanasyeva, Y.V. and Temirbekova, S.K. (2013). The Cultivation of Safflower Tinting in the Central NonBlack Earth Region. Agricultural Journal, vol. 3, issue 6,pp. 32-34.

[16] Voronina, V.P., et al. (2016). Assessment of the Impact of Anthropogenically Transformed Soils on Crop Growth and Bio-Productivity. Bulletin of the Lower Volga Agricultural University: Science and Higher Professional Education, vol. 2, issue 42, p.54.