Relationship Between Coping Strategies and Levels of Anxiety Among Diabetes Mellitus Patients In Makassar


Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has a negative physical and psychological impact on sufferers,. Anxiety is a reaction to illness as a threat; coping strategies are changes made by individuals in their attitudes, thoughts and feelings towards the stresses they are facing. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between coping strategies and anxiety levels of diabetes mellitus sufferers. The research method used was an Analytical Survey with a Cross-Sectional Study approach and data collected via a questionnaire consisting of 20 statements to assess the patient’s coping strategies and 14 statements to assess the patient’s anxiety level. This research was carried out at the Internal Medicine Department of the Bhayangkara Mappaoudang Hospital in Makassar. From the results of this study obtained from 42 samples, 24 respondents have adaptive coping strategies with mild anxiety (57.1%), with 10 respondents displaying moderate anxiety (23.4%). Meanwhile, 2.4% of respondents displayed a maladaptive coping strategy with mild anxiety level, and 16.7% displayed moderate anxiety with a value of ρ = 0.004 which means ρ <α = 0.05. There is a relationship between coping strategies and anxiety levels of diabetes mellitus sufferers. It is recommended that future researchers examine other variables that have not been studied with a larger sample.


Keywords: Coping Strategies, Anxiety, Diabetes Mellitus

[1] Nur, A. and Ledy, A. M. (2016). Nursing Care in the Endocrine System with the NANDA NIC NOC Approach. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

[2] Lilik, A., Imam, Z. and Amar, A. (2016). Mental Nursing Textbook. Jogyakarta: Indonsia Pustaka.

[3] Brunner, and Suddarth’s. (2018). Textbook of Medikal Surgical Nursing (12th ed.). Jakarta: EGC.

[4] Ermawati, D., et al. (2014). Mental Nursing with Dengan Masalah Psychosocial. Jakarta: Trans Info Media.

[5] Hidayat, A. A. A. (2018). Methodology of Nursing and Health. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
[6] Devi, H. P. (2018). The Relationship between Disease Perepi and Coping Strategy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in the Patrang Public Health Center, Jember Regency. Jember University: Faculty of Nursing.

[7] Joyce, M. B. and Hawks, J. H. (2014). Surgical Medical Nursing: Clinical Management of Expected Outcomes. Singapore: Elsevier.

[8] Kamariyah, K and Rudini, D. (2018). Correlation of Coping with Stress Levels with Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Internal Medicine Clinic, Raden Mattaher, Jambi University In Nursing Journal, Vol.3 Number.2.

[9] Kartini, K. and Dali, G. (2000). Psychology Dictionary. Bandung: Pionir Jaya, p. 488.

[10] King, L. A. (2010). General Psychology: An Appreciative View. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

[11] Makassar City Health Office. (2015). Makassar City Health Profile. Health Office of Makassar City.

[12] Ali, M. (2016). Smart Book on Diabetes Mellitus Wound Care. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

[13] Siti, M. (2017). Coping Strategy: Theory and its Resources. JURKAM: Andi Matappa’s Counseling Journal, vol. 1, Number 2.

[14] Huda, N. A. and Kusuma, H. (2015). Nursing Care Application Based on Medical Diagnose and Nanda Nic - Noc. Jogjakarta: Mediaction.

[15] M.Nursalam. (2017). Nursing Research Methodology. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

[16] M.Nursalam, et al. (2018). Nursing Care for Patients Infected with HIV / AIDS (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

[17] Rusminingsih, E. and Satria, G. (2017). The Relationship between Family Support and the Level of Psychological Stress in Diabetes Mellitus Ulcer Patients at Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro Klaten. Proceeding 6th University Research Colloquium 2017. Muhammadiyah University Magelang.

[18] Saputra, O., et al. (2017). Coping Strategies in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Qualitative Study. J Agromed Universitas Lampung., vol. 4, Number 1.

[19] Taluta, P. Y., et al. (2014). The Relationship between Anxiety Level and Coping Mechanism in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the Internal Medicine Polyclinic of the Tabelo Regional General Hospital, North Halmaera Regency. Nursing Ejournal, vol. 2, Number 1.

[20] Rengil, W., et al. (2012). Factors Associated with Anxiety Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Bhayangkara Andi Mappa Oudang Hospital Makassar. Public Health FacultyHasanuddinUniversityMakassar.