The Relation of School Environments to Bullying Behaviours Amongst Elementary School Students


The survey findings released in The Cross-cultural Psychology Journal (2017) reported that Indonesia was in the 21st position with a score of 3.62, leaving it far behind its neighbouring country Malaysia (in 11th position globally). This study aims to identify the role of school environment with regards to bullying behaviour amongst elementary school students in Jambi city. A cross-sectional research design was performed with 214 elementary school students at SDN 116/IV Kota Jambi, Indonesia. Purposive sampling was used in this study. The questionnaires by Olweus Bully Questionnaire (OBQ) Goncalves et al. (2016) were used to collect data. Chi-square test was used in this study. The results indicate 112 (52.3%) respondents had mild bullying behaviour and suggest there is a significant relationship between bullying behaviour and the role of the school environment (p-value = 0.001> 0.05).

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