Systematic Review of Spiritual Experiences in HIV Patients
One of the consequences caused by problems that occur in HIV patients is a change in the quality of life, particularly that relating to spirituality. This article offers a systematic review of previous studies regarding the spiritual safety of HIV patients. Inclusion criteria for article searches were studies conducted on patients with HIV, over 18 years of age, diagnosed with HIV for more than 6 months, qualitative studies, and exploring spiritual experiences. The quality assessment of each article was carried out using the standard format of the JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Qualitative Study. The results of this study include eight articles matching the criteria, and produce four themes that can represent all the articles analyzed: getting closer to God; having hope and life goals; needing support; and finding meaning in life. By identifying and classifying the spiritual experiences of HIV patients, it is hoped that their families will be able to provide motivation in dealing with the problems that occur. It is also hoped that practitioners will be able to use the results of this study as material in collecting assessment data on HIV patients.
Keywords: Spiritual Experience, HIV, Qualitative and Literature Review
 Nursalam, D.K.,M, and Ninuk, F. K. (2018). Nursing Care in Patients Infected with HIV/AIDS. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
 The official website of UNAIDS 2018.
 The official website of World Health Organization 2019. https://www.who.int/.
 The official website of Ministry of Health 2019. https://www.kemkes.go.id/.
 Asyura, E. and Neila, R. (2019). Analysis of the Spirituality of Patients with HIV/ AIDS in Taking Lessons and Self-Acceptance. Indian Journal of Palliative Care. Volume 25: 2: p. 232-235
 Wahyudi, L. S. and Wawan, I. F. (2019). The Relationship between Spiritual Health and Quality of Life of People with HIV/ AIDS in the Lantera Minangkabau Foundation Support Padang. Journal of Health. p. 7-12.
 Lindayani, L., et al. (2017). Complex Problems, Care Demands, and Quality of Life among People Living with HIV in the Antiretroviral Era in Indonesia. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care ( JANAC). 2; 1-17
 Mariany, B. S. and Asfriyati, S. R. S. (2019). Stigma, Depression, and Quality of Life for People with HIV: A Study in the “Man Sex With Man” Community in Pematangsiantar. BKM Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 35; 4: 139 – 146.
 Charles, A., et al. (2017). “The Journey I Have Been Through”: The Role of Religion and Spirituality in Aging Well Among HIV-Positive Older Adults. Research on Aging. SAGE Journals. USA. p.1-24
 Tang, P. N. P. K., et al. (2018). HIV and Religion in HIV-infected Asians and their Families: A Qualitative Study. Applied Nursing Research, 44, 18-24.
 Riviera, S. P., et al. (2017). Live with the Disease as You Used to Before You Knew You Were Infected: A Qualitative Study Among 10-Year Survivors Living with HIV in Haiti. AIDS PATIENT CARE and STDs. Center for Global Health. New York.
 Tarigan, S. and Emiliana, I. K. (2018). Spirituality Experience Prayer of HIV/ Aids Patients in Rsud Sawerigading Palopo with Calista Roy Theory Approach. Prime Saelmakers Health Journal. volume 1; 2: 85-110.
 Aziza, P. and Wahyuni, T. A. (2015). The Meaning of Spirituality in HIV/ Aids Patients in Dr. M. Haulussy Ambon, A Phenomenology Study. Journal of Integrated Health, 6; 1: p. 69-76.
 Kelbert, E. F., et al. (2019). Suicide Risk in People Living with AIDS/HIV: The Effect of Childhood Trauma is Mediated by Mental Disorders and Social Vulnerability. AIDS Care Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 24 (4):512-517.
 Kteily-Hawa, R., et al. (2019). Quality of Life of Older Women Living with HIV: Comparative Assessment of Physical and Mental Health-Related Markers using a Large Canadian Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study. HIV Research & Clinical Practice. 20(2):35-47.
 Nguyen, S. S. D., Kim, S. Y. and Hoang, J. A. (2017). HIV Knowledge, Risk Behavior, Stigma, and their Impact on HIV Testing among Asian American andPacific Islanders: A Review of Literature. Social Work in Public Health. 32(1):11-29.
 Shaluhiyah, K. H., et al. (2018). Stigma Masyarakat Terhadap ODHA Di Kota Kupang Provinsi NTT. Indonesian Health Promotion Journal, 12;1: 62-77.
 Ibrahim, L. L., Wang, J. and KoKusman, N. (2017). Independent and Synergistic effects of Self- And Public Stigmas on Quality of Life of HIV-Infected Persons. AIDS Care Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. (6). 1-8.
 Kashefi, F. O., Rafii, F. and Farzaneh, M. M. G. (2017). Qualitative study of HIV Related Stigma and Discrimination: What Women Say in Iran. Electronic Physician. 9; 7: 4781 - 4724.
 Hidayat, U. A. A. and Musrifatul, A. (2016). Buku Ilmu Keperawatan Dasar. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
 Valerie, U. et al. (2017). Spiritual Care May Impact Mental Health and Medication Adherence in HIV+ Populations. HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care. 9; 101-109.
 The official website of Central Statistics Agency 2019. https://www.bps.go.id/.
 Junita, D. and Sari, L. (2017). Pandangan Masyarakat Terhadap Penyakit Hiv/Aids Di Kecamatan Mentarang Kabupaten Malinau Kalimantan Utara.Journal of Holistic Nursing Sciences, 3(1), 59-76.
 Jaenudi, T. and U (2019). Studi Religiusitas, Budaya Sunda, dan Perilaku Moral pada Masyarakat Kabupaten Bandung. Jurnal Psikologi Islam dan Budaya. 2(1), 1-8.
 Tsevat, S. C., et al. (2018). Changes in Religiousness and Spirituality Attributed to HIV/AIDS. Gen Intern Med. 21; 14-20.
 Megan, E., et al. (2019). The Psychosocial and Spiritual Experiences of Patients with Advanced Incurable Illness in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study. Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 25(4), 487-493.
 Ahmad, M. (2017). Spiritualitas Agama Lokal Di Cigugur Kuningan Jawabarat. Jurnal Studi Lintas Agama . 3 (1), 89-102.
 Siswanto. (2010). Sistematik Review sebagai metode penelitian untuk mensintesis Hasil-Hasil Penelitian. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan. 13, 326-333.
 Handayani, P. W. and Hidayanto, I. B. (2017). User Acceptance Factors of Hospital Information System and Related Technologies: Systematic Review. Informatics for Health and Social Care. 4(7), 401-426.
 Amal, K. I. and Ahmad, E. (2016). Potret Kebutuhan Spiritual Pasien HIV/AIDS Description Of Spiritual Need Among Hiv Aids Patient. Nurse Roles in Providing Spiritual Care in Hospital, Academic and Community. 1; 70-74.