The Impact of Online Learning Processes in Primary School During the COVID-19 Pandemic


The aim of the study was to describe the online learning approaches used at SDN Cabean 3 Demak during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to describe the impact of this online learning on the teachers, students and parents. This research was a qualitative case study. The participants were teachers, students and parents of the first through fifth grade at SDN Cabean 3 Demak. Data were collected through open questionnaires, interviews, and documentations. The data were analyzed by using data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The results of the study showed that: 1) The application of distance learning technologies at SDN Cabean 3 Demak consisted of a preparation step, process-specific planning, and learning assessment phases via WhatsApp groups; and 2) The impact of this online learning on the teachers, students and parents could be seen by creating WhatsApp groups for each class. The positive impacts included that teachers, students and parents obtained new learning experiences, developed technology skills and could benefit from the flexible timing of the online environment. The negative impacts were having to deal with internet credits, issues with internet signal, lack of technology skills and incomplete materials based on curriculum achievements.

Keywords: online learning

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