Cultural Religious Challenges in Handling Sexual Violence Cases in Indonesian Islamic Institutions
Religiosity is often seen as preventing potential cases of sexual violence. However, on the other hand, the religious aspect can be a challenge when with regards to cases of sexual violence. This is because religious and cultural aspects are assumed to hamper the victim’s ability to seek justice. This research involved students of Islamic institutions in Indonesia. Based on the results of the questionnaire and interview, it was found that most victims of sexual violence were women in the early and middle years of their studies. Forms of sexual violence are dominated by verbal, physical, visual and signaling harassment. The victim acknowledged dissatisfaction in processing complaints due to distrust of the institution. Socio-cultural dogma and religious aspects also prevent openness in handling cases because victims tend to protect their names and their institutions. Further efforts are needed in the form of education to reduce the risk of sexual violence. In addition, this study produced a number of recommendations regarding the handling cases of sexual violence in Islamic institutions in Indonesia.
Keywords: culture religious challenges, Islamic institution, sexual violence
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