Key Indicators Influencing Team Effectiveness in Project-Based Team
Teamwork is essential for any organizations to undertake particular purposes. Team members work together as a group combining their knowledge and skill to attain higher productivity and performance. An effective team is considered desired to achieve optimal performance. However, there are only a few studies of effectiveness in teams which are operated based on projects. This paper identifies and classifies the critical indicators of effectiveness in project-based teams to garner invaluable insights into how they influence team outcomes. We conduct a systematic literature review to categorize a set of indicators that affect team effectiveness based on human resource and project management literature. We follow the review method and reveal eighteen indicators of effectiveness from thirty-five publications as the basis for transforming project-based teams into effective teams. The result provides deeper insights into the importance of exercising and improving teamwork. Additionally, this paper recognizes a complex system of interdependence among indicators and identifies potential issues in adopting a strategy for the project-based team in organizations. The paper contributes to the current knowledge by providing the necessary groundwork for further research and development in this area.
Keywords: effectiveness; teamwork; project-based; teams; key indicators
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