CEFR-based Model of Indonesian Grammar Teaching Materials for Foreign Students


Law No. 24/2009 mandates the internationalization of the Indonesian language that is in line with the increase in the learning of the Indonesian language for foreign speakers. The number and location of Indonesian speakers are increasing and expanding in various parts of the world. However, the existing teaching materials are not optimal in supporting BIPA teaching, especially in the aspect of grammar—the most difficult language component for foreign students to learn. Thus, it is imperative to develop a model of Indonesian grammar teaching materials based on the current curriculum that refers to CEFR. This research focuses on the development of an Indonesian grammar teaching material model for A1-level BIPA students. The development design employed is an adaptation of the R&D design by Borg and Gall, which consists of several phases, such as (1) model development, (2) model evaluation, and (3) production and dissemination. This initial research constitutes a model development phase that includes (a) needs analysis, (b) needs identification based on the existing Indonesian grammar teaching materials and studies on the document of CEFR-based BIPA Graduate Competence Standard, and (c) compiling Indonesian grammar teaching materials. This preliminary research results in the mapping and drafting the initial product of the model of Indonesian grammar teaching materials for students at the A1 level.

Keywords: teaching material model, Indonesian grammar, BIPA (Indonesian Language for Foreign Speakers), CEFR

[1] Kompas. Bahasa Indonesia jadi bahasa kedua di Ho Chi Minh City [Indonesian is the second language in Ho Chi Minh City]. 2009. Available from: http://www.kompas.com. Accessed 12 June 2023.

[2] Kompas. Bahasa Indonesia, siapa yang seharusnya belajar? [Indonesian, who should learn it?]. 2009. Available from: http://www.kompas.com. Accessed 29 October 2023.

[3] Wahyu A. Pengembangan model bahan ajar afiks melalui multimedia powerpoint flash pada pembelajar bahasa indonesia untuk penutur asing (BIPA) tingkat madya [Developing a model of affix teaching materials through multimedia Powerpoint Flash for intermediate level Indonesian language learners for foreign speakers (BIPA)]. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia; 2012.

[4] Sinatrya M. Pengembangan bahan ajar tata bahasa BIPA berbasis analisis kesalahan bahasa terjemahan untuk pembelajaran BIPA [Development of BIPA grammar teaching materials based on translation language error analysis for BIPA learning]. Jakarta: Asosiasi Pengajar dan Pegiat BIPA, Indonesia; 2015. Available from: www.apbipaindonesia.org

[5] Karim SA. Developing an Indonesian Textbook for Non- Native Learners of Indonesian at Elementary Level. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching. 2015;10(2).

[6] Gall MD, Borg WR, Gall JP. Educational Research: An Introduction 8th Ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 2003.

[7] Indrianti I. Developing Student- Centered Grammar Materials for Beginners’ Level Indonesian. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching. 2012;9(1):380–401.

[8] Nunny SI. Penyimpangan Kegramatikalan dan Kelaziman Penggunaan Bahasa Indonesia (Alternatif Bahan Ajar Tata Bahasa BIPA) [Grammatical Deviations and Usual Use of Indonesian (Alternative BIPA Grammar Teaching Materials)]. Bandung: E-journal UPI; 2017.

[9] Nunan D. Principles for Designing Language Teaching Materials. Singapore: SEAMEO RELC; 1988.

[10] Suyitno I. Bahasa Indonesia untuk Penutur Asing, Teori, Strategi, dan Aplikasi Pembelajarannya [Indonesian for Foreign Speakers, Theory, Strategies and Learning Applications]. Yogyakarta: Grafika Indah; 2005.

[11] Fauziah S. CEFR dalam Konteks SEAMEO [Common European Framework of Reference for Languages In SEAMEO CONTEXT]. Available from: https://www.scribd.com/doc/104945272/Common-European-Framework-of- Reference-for-Languages-Dalam-KONTEKS-SEAMEO. Accessed [Date].

[12] Ilmiah H, Ghazali AS, Nurchasanah N, Andajani K. Bahan Ajar Daring Tata Bahasa bagi Pelajar BIPA 2 [Grammar Online Teaching Materials for BIPA 2 Students]. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan. 2021;6(6):874-880. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v6i6.14874

[13] Khaerunnisa M. The Development of BIPA Teaching Materials for Basic Level of Foreign Students Based on Multicultural Approach. Proceedings of Educational initiative research colloqium 2019. 2019;1(1):38.