How to Increase Political Awareness and Formation of National Political Identity Through Citizenship Education?
Political awareness is very important to be built from an early age in the younger generation. It encourages them to participate and contribute to their nation. This study aims to see how far the effectiveness of citizenship education is in an effort to increase political awareness and national political identity for the younger generation. This study uses a quantitative approach to the type of evaluation design research model. The evaluation instrument used was context, input, process, and product (CIPP), while the data analysis method used descriptive quantitative data analysis. The results of this study are that Pancasila and Citizenship Education (PPKn) has a vision and mission to develop students into human beings who have a sense of nationality and love for the motherland, through the process of accepting and carrying out the teachings of their religion; have honest behavior, discipline, responsibility; and are polite, caring, and confident in interacting with family, friends, and teachers. The findings in this study are that the components in citizenship education are materials taught to students contained in the book Pancasila and Citizenship Education, which includes components to fulfill indicators of forming students’ political awareness, and citizenship education learning strategies have also used a strategy of involving students in the environment where they live. To increase participation, use strategies for activities in schools to increase tolerance and awareness as citizens. A strategy is carried out involving several relevant stakeholders such as election administrators and the police. The formation of national identity in the citizenship education component is that material taught to students to enhance the formation of national identity has not been included in the material being taught; therefore, learning strategies to achieve the formation of student national identity have not been carried out.
Keywords: Political Awareness, Formation of National Political Identity, Citizenship Education.
 Setyaningrum A. Memetakan Lokasi bagi ‘Politik Identitas’ dalam Wacana Politik Poskolonial. J Mandat Polit Perlawanan Ed. 2005;2.
 Mahfud M. Komunikasi Indonesia (Studi Komunikasi Nusantara Perspektif Integrasi Interkoneksi). Profetik J Komun. 2013;6.
 Ritaudin S. Persepsi Tokoh Masyarakat terhadap Aspek Politik Eksistensi Pekerja Seks Komersial (Psk) di Eks Lokalisasi Rawa Laut Panjang Selatan Bandar Lampung. J Tapis J Teropong Aspir Polit Islam. 2019;15:171–201.
 Thahir A. Evaluasi Terhadap Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Dalam Peningkatan Kesadaran Politik Dan Pembentukan Identitas Politik Kebangsaan Siswa n.d.
 Galston WA. Political knowledge, political engagement, and civic education. Annu Rev Polit Sci. 2001;4:217–234.
 Rahman A, Suharno S. Pelaksanaan Pendidikan Politik Melalui Pembelajaran Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan untuk Meningkatkan Kesadaran Politik Siswa. J Ilm Pendidik Pancasila Dan Kewarganegaraan. 2020;4:282. https://doi.org/10.17977/um019v4i2p282-290
 Wing-Wah LAW. Globalization, national identity, and citizenship education: China’s search for modernization and a modern Chinese citizenry. Front Educ China. 2013;8:596–627.
 Bennett WL, Wells C, Rank A. Young citizens and civic learning: Two paradigms of citizenship in the digital age. Citizensh Stud. 2009;13:105–120.
 Banks JA. Teaching for social justice, diversity, and citizenship in a global world. Educ. Forum, vol. 68, Taylor & Francis; 2004, p. 296–305.
 Kahne J, Westheimer J. Teaching democracy: What schools need to do. Phi Delta Kappan. 2003;85:34-40,57. https://doi.org/10.1177/003172170308500109.
 Maravé-Vivas M, Salvador-Garcia C, Gil-Gómez J, Valverde-Esteve T, Martín-Moya R. How can service-learning shape the political perspectives of pre-service teachers? A program in the field of physical education. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159175.
 Solhaug T. Trends and dilemmas in citizenship education. Nord J Humanit Soc Sci Educ. 2013:180–200.
 Pahlevi FS. Eksistensi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan di perguruan tinggi dalam memperkokoh karakter bangsa Indonesia. J Kependidikan Dasar Islam Berbasis Sains. 2017;2:65–81.
 Bria ME. Penguatan semangat nasionalisme di daerah perbatasan melalui pendidikan kewarganegaraan berbasis kearifan lokal. J Fascho Educ Conf. 2020;1.
 Haryono A. Perjalanan Politik Bangsa 1999.
 Tonge J, Mycock A, Jeffery B. Does citizenship education make young people better-engaged citizens? Polit Stud. 2012;60:578–602. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467- 9248.2011.00931.x
 Agung AAG. Metodologi penelitian pendidikan 2014.
 Guilford JP, Perry NC. Estimation of other coefficients of correlation from the phi coefficient. Psychometrika. 1951;16:335–346.
 Sugiyono D. Memahami penelitian kualitatif 2010.