Prophetic-based Conflict Management Model in Senior High School
The lack of competence of principals in resolving conflicts in schools is of particular concern because it is related to the progress of an educational institution. This study aims to develop models and research products that are useful for education and literacy used by school principals in managing conflict in schools. The research method used is the research and development of the ADDIE model. The research subjects were linguists, materials experts, and learning design experts to validate research products, while to test user responses, the subjects selected were the principal of SMA PGRI Metro City, SMA Ma’arif 1 Metro City, and SMA Muhammadiyah 02 Metro City. Data collection was done using questionnaires, and the results were analyzed qualitatively and descriptively. This research went through several stages, namely: 1) the model development stage, which was carried out at the analysis stage, namely analyzing the characteristics of the school; 2) the feasibility of a prophetic-based conflict management model product; and 3) the use of the prophetic conflict management module through user response testing. As a result, prophetic conflict management is in the very good category to use. The format and layout aspects of the conflict management module fall into the very appropriate category. In the aspect of writing, the Prophetic conflict management module is in the very appropriate category. In the aspect of formulating the outline of the material, the principal must improve conflict management skills by participating in training or developing conflict management capacity in schools. The implementation of the principal’s role in creating a harmonious and comfortable school organizational climate can be realized if he can demonstrate fair and responsible leadership behavior.
Keywords: Principal, Prophetic-Based Conflict Management
 Andriani S, Kesumawati N, Kristiawan M. The influence of the transformational leadership and work motivation on teachers performance. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. 2018;7(7):19–29.
 Arif S, Zainudin HK, Hamid A. Influence of Leadership, Organizational Culture, Work Motivation, and Job Satisfaction of Performance Principles of Senior High School in Medan City. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCIJournal). 2019;239–254.
 Chandolia E, Anastasiou S. Leadership and conflict management style are associated with the effectiveness of school conflict management in the Region of Epirus, NW Greece. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ. 2020 Feb;10(1):455–68.
 Hakvoort I, Lindahl J, Lundström A. A bibliometric review of approaches to address conflicts in schools: exploring the intellectual base. Confl Resolut Q. 2019;37(2):123– 45.
 Jabborova OM, Umarova ZA. Pedagogical conflicts in primary school students-as an important social-pedagogical problem. Eur J Mol Clin Med. 2020;7(2):516–23.
 Kasim M, Anwar H, & Otaya L. G. Manajemen Konflik Dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis. Jurnal Al Himayah. 2019;3(2).
 Kettell L. Young adult carers in higher education: the motivations, barriers and challenges involved–a UK study. J Furth High Educ. 2020;44(1):100–12.
 Kuncoro I. Urgensi Leadership Dalam Manajemen Pendidikan Islam. Thawalib| Jurnal Kependidikan Islam. 2021;2(1):55–66.
 Kurnia TD, Lati C, Fauziah H, Trihanton A. Model Addie untuk Pengembangan Bahan Ajar Berbasis Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Berbantuan 3D Pageflip [SNPM]. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika. 2019;1(1):516–25.
 Manesis N, Vlachou E, Mitropoulou F. Greek teachers’ perceptions about the types and the consequences of conflicts within school context. European Journal of Educational Research. 2019;8(3):781–99.
 Maryanti N, Rohana R, Kristiawan M. The principal’s strategy in preparing students ready to face the industrial revolution 4.0. Int J Educ Res. 2020;2(1):54–69.
 Mian SH, Salah B, Ameen W, Moiduddin K, Alkhalefah H. Adapting universities for sustainability education in industry 4.0: channel of challenges and opportunities. Sustainability (Basel). 2020;12(15):6100.
 Naidoo P. Perceptions of teachers and school management teams of the leadership roles of public school principals. S Afr J Educ. 2019;39(2):1–14.
 Rofiq A. Manajemen konflik dalam meningkatkan kedisiplinan guru (Studi kebijakan di SMP Al-Kautsar Tanjungpinang Kepulauan Riau). Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam. 2018;3(2):76–97.
 Ruiz LD, McMahon SD, Jason LA. The role of neighborhood context and school climate in school level academic achievement. Am J Community Psychol. 2018 Jun;61(3-4):296–309.
 Vygotsky LS. The problem of the environment in pedology. LS Vygotsky’s Pedological Works. Springer; 2019. pp. 65–84.
 Yin J, Jia M, Ma Z, Liao G. Team leader’s conflict management styles and innovation performance in entrepreneurial teams. Int J Confl Manage. 2020;31(3):373–92.
 Yuliharti MA, Umiarso MP. Manajemen Profetik: Konstruksi Teoretis dalam Manajemen Pendidikan Islam. Amzah. Bumi Aksara; 2021.