Research Progress of the International Carbon Tariff: A Review
Under the constraints of the target peak carbon dioxide emissions and carbon neutrality, how the international carbon tariff can be levied have become an important question for scholars and research institutions all over the world. This paper aimed to comprehensively sort the relevant literature on the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism from an economic perspective. Based on defining the concept connotation and extension of carbon tariff, we summarized and determined the price mechanism, institutional mechanism, and coordination mechanism of the carbon tariff, and analyzed the impact of carbon tariff on the economic environment and other fields. Further, this paper makes an international comparison of the existing reasonably operable carbon tariff, points out the focus and direction of the next research, and strives to provide valuable experience and theoretical reference for the innovative practice of building the international Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism.
Keywords: carbon tariff, border tax adjustment, connotation and extension, mechanism design, economic impact
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