The Challenges Faced by Guidance and Counseling Teachers in Developing Mental Health Literacy
Guidance and counseling teachers are mandated to improve the mental health of learners. This research explores the challenges encountered by guidance and counseling teachers in developing mental health literacy. The study involved 179 guidance and counseling teachers. Questionnaires with open questions were distributed to the participants via Google Form. The data analysis was descriptive. The results showed that the encountered challenges were a lack of related knowledge about mental health, the existing stigma, and the social support received by the teachers.
Keywords: challenges, guidance and counseling, teachers, mental health literacy
 Permendikbud no 111 tahun, peraturan menteri pendidikan dan kebudayaan republik Indonesia tentang bimbingan dan konseling pada pendidikan dasar dan pendidikan menengah, pedoman evaluasi kurikulum. 2014. Available from: simpuh.kemenag.co.id
 Jorm AF, Christensen H, Griffiths KM. The public’s ability to recognize mental disorders and their beliefs about treatment: Changes in Australia over 8 years. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2006;40(1):36-41. https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326- 5377.1997. tb140071.x
 Reavley NJ, McCann TV, Jorm AF. Mental health literacy in higher education students. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. 2012;6(1):45-52. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751- 7893.2011.00314
 L. Altweck, T.C. Marshall, N. Ferenczi, and K. Lefringhausen, “Mental health literacy: a cross-cultural approach to knowledge and beliefs about depression, schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder.,” Frontiers in Psychology. vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–17, 2015
 A. Rossetto, A.F. Jorm, and N.J. Reavley, “Examining Predictors of Help Giving Toward People With a Mental Illness.,” SAGE Open. vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 1–11, 2014
 Whitley J, Smith JD, Vaillancourt T. Promoting mental health literacy among educators: Critical in school-based prevention and intervention. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. 2013;28(1):56-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573512468852
 Lynn CJ, McKay MM, Atkins MS. School social work: Meeting the mental health needs of students through collaboration with teachers. Children & Schools. 2003;25(4):197- 209. https://doi.org/10.1093/cs/25.4.197
 Bibou-Nakou I. Helping teachers to help children living with a mentally ill parent: Teachers’ perceptions on identification and policy issues. School Psychology International. 2004;25(1):42-58. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 0143034304041502
 S.M. Sari, “HAMBATAN YANG DIALAMI GURU BK DALAM PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN KUNJUNGAN RUMAH DI SMP DAN SMA NEGERI KOTA PAYAKUMBUH.,” Konselor. vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 59–61, 2013
 Armstrong D, Macleod G, Brough C. Work done in the margins: A comparative study of mental health literacy in preservice teacher education in Australia andin Scotland. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs. 2019;19(4):334-43. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-3802.12452
 S. Bapat, A. Jorm, and K. Lawrence, “Evaluation of a Mental Health Literacy Training Program for Junior Sporting Clubs.,” Australasian Psychiatry. vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 475– 479, 2009
 Surjaningrum ER. Gambaran mental health literacy kader kesehatan. Insan. 2012;14(3):194-202.
 Moon J, Williford A, Mendenhall A. Educators’ perceptions of youth mental health: Implications for training and the promotion of mental health services in schools. Children and Youth Services Review. 2017;73:384-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.childyouth.2017.01.006
 M.A. Mamun, S. Naher, M.S. Moonajilin, et al., “Depression literacy and awareness programs among Bangladeshi students: An online survey.,” Heliyon. vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1–7, 2020
 A. Maulana and T. Benita, “Typologi of Island City in Indonesia.,” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science . vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2017.
 A. Léné, “Skill-based pay in practice: An interactional justice perspective.,” European Journal of Training and Development. vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 628–641, 2014
 S. Sahari, “Pengaruh Pendidikan, Pelatihan, dan Pengalaman Mengajar terhadap Profesionalisme Guru di SMAN I Likupang.,” Jurnal Ilmiah Iqra’. vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 62–86, 2018
 Ekornes S. Teacher stress related to student mental health promotion: The match between perceived demands and competence to help students with mental health problems. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 2017;61(3):333-53. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2016.1147068
 Frauenholtz S, Mendenhall AN, Moon J. Role of school employees’ mental health knowledge in interdisciplinary collaborations to support the academic success of students experiencing mental health distress. Children & Schools. 2017;39(2):71-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/cs/cdx004
 Herbert JD, Crittenden K, Dalrymple KL. Knowledge of social anxiety disorder relative to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among educational professionals. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 2004;33(2):366-72. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3 302 _18
 Brown EL, Phillippo KL, Weston K, Rodger S. United States and Canada pre-service teacher certification standards for student mental health: A comparative case study. Teaching and Teacher Education. 2019;80:71-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2018.12.015
 Bella T, Omigbodun O, Atilola O. Towards school mental health in Nigeria: Baseline knowledge and attitudes of elementary school teachers. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion. 2011;4(3):55–62. https://doi.org/10.1080/1754730X.2011.9715636
 R. Eisenberger, F. Stinglhamber, C. Vandenberghe, I.L. Sucharski, and L. Rhoades, “Perceived supervisor support: Contributions to perceived organizational support and employee retention.,” Journal of Applied Psychology. vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 565– 573, 2002
 Vogel, L. R., (2012). Leading with hearts and minds: ethical orientations of educational leadership doctoral students. Values and Ethics in Educational Administration, 10(1), 1-12..
 Kurumatani T, Ukawa K, Kawaguchi Y et al. Teachers’ knowledge, beliefs and attitudes concerning schizophrenia. A cross-cultural approach in Japan and Taiwan. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2004;39(5):402–409. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-004-0758-0
 Fortier A, Lalonde G, Venesoen P, Legwegoh AF, Short KH. Educator mental health literacy to scale: From theory to practice. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion. 2017;10(1):65-84. https://doi.org/10.1080/1754730X.2016.1252276
 A.M. Susskind, K.M. Kacmar, and C.P. Borchgrevink, “Customer service providers’ attitudes relating to customer service and customer satisfaction in the customerserver exchange.,.” Journal of Applied Psychology. vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 179–187, 2003
 Marín MA, García-Ramírez M. Social support and emotional exhaustion among hospital nursing staff. The European Journal of Psychiatry. 2005;19(2):96-106.
 M. Durisic and M. Bunijevac, “Parental involvement as an important factor for successful education.,” CEPS Journal 7 (2017) 3, S. 137-153. vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 137–153, 2017. DOI