Preventing Violence and Extremism in Indonesian Educational Institutions: Policies and Strategies


This article discusses the policies and strategies of the Indonesian government for preventing the influence of radical and extreme religious ideologies in schools and universities. In their survey, PPIM UIN Jakarta in 2019 and the Wahid Institute in 2020 found that Indonesian educational institutions, from high schools to universities, were vulnerable to the influence of extreme views and intolerance. This article examines a number of elements that play a strategic role in preventing violence and extremism in educational institutions, such as government regulations; education curriculum; and the role of internal and external stakeholders, including teachers, parents, students, government officials, and civil society. The authors argue that the strategies and policies of each university and school in preventing radicalism among students have different levels of effectiveness. Synergies involving stakeholders also contribute to the success and failure of securing educational institutions from the dangers of violence and extremism. The results of this study are based on in-depth interviews with a number of selected sources. This paper recommends the need to synchronize strategies and policies related to the prevention of extremism and violence in educational institutions and the more effective participation of all stakeholders.

Keywords: preventing violence–extremism, educational institutions, strategies, policies, effectiveness

[1] Nations, U. Plan of action to prevent extremism: Report of the Secretary-General. 2015.

[2] Zeigher S. Expanding research on countering violent extremism. Hidayah & Edith Cowan University; 2016.

[3] Agung B. BNPT: Kedokteran dan eksakta di 7 PTN terpapar radikalisme. CNN Indonesia; 2018 May 25. Available from: dan-eksakta-di-7-ptn-terpapar-radikalisme

[4] Saidi A, Anak-anak muda Indonesia makin radikal.; 2006 Feb 19. Available from:

[5] Zaki MM, Zulkifli Z, Halimatussa’diyah, Lim. Kebijakan deradikalisasi di perguruan tinggi: Studi tentang efektifitas kebijakan perguruan tinggi dalam mencegah perkembangan paham keagamaan radikal di kalangan mahasiswa. Istiqro’ Jurnal Penelitian Islam Indonesia. 2018:16(1); 1-27.

[6] Anonym; Nadiem buat kurikulum moderasi agama demi hapus intoleransi. CNN Indonesia; 2021 Sep 23. Available from: kurikulum-moderasi-agama-demi-hapus-intoleransi

[7] Cresswell JW. Qualitative inquiri & research design: Choosing among five approaches. California: Sage; 2018.

[8] Saluz CN. Dynamic of Islamic student movement: Iklim intelektual islam di kalangan aktivis kampus. Yogyakarta: Resist Book; 2009.

[9] Gambetta D, Hertog S. Engineers of jihad: The curious connection between violent extremism and education. Princeton: Princeton University Press; 2016.

[10] Suprayogo I. UIN maulana malik ibrahim malang: Membangun perguruan tinggi islam bereputasi internasional. Malang: Universitas Islam Negeri Malang Press; 2013.

[11] Wahid D, Makruf J, editors. Suara salafisme: Radio dakwah di Indonesia. Jakarta: Prenada; 2017.