Diplomacy and Cooperation Between China and Afghanistan in Maintaining Security and Stability
This study examines the diplomacy and cooperation between China and Afghanistan in maintaining security and stability. The two countries seek to improve diplomatic relations as a strategy to fulfill their national interests. The authors employed a qualitative method using secondary data from books, journals, and online news. It was found that with the establishment of security and stability, China can achieve China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) plan. On the other hand, Afghanistan needs investment in enhancing the country’s development.
Keywords: China, Afghanistan, international cooperation, diplomacy
 Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, ”China and Afghanistan,” 2014. [Online]. Available: https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/ wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/yzs_663350/gjlb_663354/2676_663356/.
 C. D. Ellis, ”China’s Future Trade And Development Intent With Afghanistan,” 23 August 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.silkroadbriefing.com/news/2021/ 08/23/chinas-future-trade-and-development-intent-with-afghanistan/#:$\sim$: text=In%202017%2C%20China%20began%20engaging%20in%20peacekeeping% 20efforts,held%20their%20first%20trilateral%20dialogue%20in%20late%202017.
 BBC News, ”China offers $31m in emergency aid to Afghanistan,” 9 September 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-58496867.
 SCMP, ”South China Morning Post,” 14 November 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.scmp.com/comment/opinion/article/3156032/trust-key-avertingcrisis-afghanistan?module=perpetual_scroll&pgtype=article&campaign=3156032.
 F. Kuehn, ”Taliban history of war and peace in Afghanistan,” Incremental peace in Afghanistan, 2018.
 J. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 3rd ed., London: Sage Publications, 2009.
 A. Ng, ”‘Hedging their bets’: Political experts weigh in on China’s growing relations with the Taliban,” 23 August 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.cnbc.com/2021/08/23/china-and-taliban-relations-with-afghanistanare-tricky-analysts-say.html.
 C. Attanayake and Z. Haiqi, ”Understanding China in Taliban-led Afghanistan,” Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, August 2021;1-5.
 T. P. Sorongan, ”China ’Pepet’ Taliban di Afghanistan, Ada Apa Mr Xi Jinping?,” 20 August 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20210820075510-4-269806/china-pepettaliban-di-afghanistan-ada-apa-mr-xi-jinping.
 D. S. K. Mishra, ”Chinese Diplomacy And The Taliban In Afghanistan – Analysis,” 1 September 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.eurasiareview.com/01092021- chinese-diplomacy-and-the-taliban-in-afghanistan-analysis/.
 R. Weitz, ”Will China save the Afghan economy?,” 1 November 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.mei.edu/publications/will-china-save-afghan-economy.