Testing the Relationship between Employee Engagement and Employee Performance: The Urgency of Self Efficacy and Organizational Justice as Predictors
The urgency of employee engagement in creating a new employee spirit aims to create a strong relationship with each employee. This relationship will also make employees focus on the achievement they want to achieve, build solid teamwork, and don’t forget to express gratitude and appreciation for achievements between divisions. Employees will always think positively in doing their jobs and provide great ideas for team development and long-term company goals. This study aims to determine the relationship between employee engagement and employee performance with self-efficacy and organizational justice as predictors.The sample used in this study were workers belonging to the Millennial generation with 190 respondents using a purposive sampling approach to determine the sample. Data collection uses a questionnaire instrument which is then distributed online through social media. A structural equation modeling (SEM) approach using partial least squares (PLS) is used to test elationship between employee engagement and employee performance with self-efficacy and organizational justice as predictors. Based on the results of hypothesis testing, it is concluded that self-efficacy and organizational justice have a significant effect on employee engagement. Then, the next hypothesis test explains that self-efficacy, organizational justice, and employee engagement significantly affect employee performance.
Keywords: Self Efficacy; Organizational Justice; Employee Engagement; Employee Performance
 Rahimic Z. Influence of Organizational Climate on Job Satisfaction in Bosnia and Herzegovina Companies. Int Bus Res. 2013;6(3):129–39.
 Nath Gangai K, Agrawal R. Job Satisfaction And Organizational Commitment: Is It Important For Employee Performance. Int J Manag Bus Res. 2015;5(4):269–78.
 Haerani S, Sumardi, Hakim W, Hartini, Putra AHPK. Structural Model Of Developing Human Resources Performance: Empirical Study Of Indonesia States Owned Enterprises. J Asian Financ Econ Bus. 2020;7(3):211–21.
 Ozer O, Ugurluoğlu O, Saygili M. Effect of Organizational Justice on Work Engagement in Healthcare Sector of Turkey. J Health Manag. 2017;19(1):73–83.
 Khan S, Habib U. Procedural Justice & Organizational Performance. Abasyn Univ J Soc Sci. 2011;4(1):36–51.
 Herminingsih A. The Influence of the Organizational Justice and Trust to the Leaders on Employee Engagement with Job Satisfaction as Intervening Variable. Arch Bus Res. 2017;5(2):56–69.
 Bandura A, Barbaranelli C, Caprara GV. Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement in the Exercise of Moral Agency. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1996;71(2):364–74.
 Sarinah, Maruf A, Prasadja R. The Effect Of Work Autonomy, Self-Efficacy And Work Engagement Towards Organizational Commitment. Int J Econ Commer Manag United Kingdom. 2018;6(2):31–44.
 Firnanda DY, Wijayati DT. Pengaruh Perceived Organizational Support, Self Efficacy dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Employee Engagement Karyawan PT. Pesona Arnos Beton. J Ilmu Manaj. 2021;9(3):1–16.
 Federici RA, Skaalvik EM. Principal self-efficacy and work engagement: Assessing a Norwegian Principal Self-Efficacy Scale. Soc Psychol Educ. 2011;14(4):575–600.
 Chan XW, Kalliath T, Brough P, O’Driscoll M, Siu OL, Timms C. Self-Efficacy And Work Engagement: Test Of A Chain Model. Int J Manpow. 2017;38(6):819–34.
 Winadi Prasetyoning Tyas AA, Tippe S, Sutanto S. How Employee Competency and Self Efficacy Affect Employee Work Engagement in Human Resource Development Agency (BPSDM) Ministry of Law and Human Rights Republic of Indonesia. IJHCM (International J Hum Cap Manag. 2020;4(2):125–40.
 Greenberg J. Organizational Justice: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. J Manage. 1990;16(2):399–432.
 O’Connor EP, Crowley-Henry M. Exploring The Relationship Between Exclusive Talent Management, Perceived Organizational Justice And Employee Engagement: Bridging The Literature. J Bus Ethics. 2017;156(4):903–17.
 Hartman SJ, Yrle AC, Galle WP. Procedural And Distributive Justice: Examining Equity In A University Setting. J Bus Ethics. 1999;20(4):337–52.
 Banerjee R, Banerjee S. A Study of Perceived Organizational Justice, Trust, and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour. IOSR J Bus Manag. 2013;12(4):36–43.
 Al-Douri Z. Organizational Justice And Its Impact On Job Satisfaction: Evidence From Transportation Industry. Manag Sci Lett. 2020;10(2):351–60.
 Al-Zu’bi HA. A Study of Relationship between Organizational Justice and Job Satisfaction. Int J Bus Manag. 2010;5(12):102–9.
 Lyu X. Effect Of Organizational Justice On Work Engagement With Psychological Safety As A Mediator: Evidence From China. Soc Behav Pers. 2016;44(8):1359–70.
 Hermawan, Thamrin HM, Susilo P. Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Performance: The Role of Employee Engagement. J Asian Financ Econ Bus. 2020;7(12):1089–97.
 Rubel MRB, Kee DMH. Perceived Support And Employee Performance: The Mediating Role Of Employee Engagement. Life Sci J. 2013;10(4):2557–67.
 Welbourne TM. Employee Engagement: Beyond The Fad And Into The Executive Suite. Lead to Lead. 2007;2007(44):45–51.
 Macey WH, Schneider B. The Meaning of Employee Engagement. Ind Organ Psychol. 2008;1(1):3–30.
 Sugianingrat IAP, Rini Widyawati S, Carla A de J, Ximenes M, Dos Reis Piedade S, Gede Sarmawa W. The Employee Engagement And OCB As Mediating On Employee Performance. Int J Product Perform Manag. 2019;68(2):319–39.
 Sucahyowati H, Hendrawan A. Pengaruh Employee Engagement Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT MK Semarang. J Sains Teknol Transp Marit. 2020;2(2):9–15.
 Nana Triapnita Nainggolan, Munandar AS, Lora Ekana Nainggolan, Fuadi PH, Dewa Putu Yudhi Ardiana, Acai Sudirman DG, Nina Mistriani AHPK, Astri Rumondang DG. Perilaku Konsumen Di Era Digital. Medan: Yayasan Kita Menulis; 2020. 218 p.
 Hair JF. Multivariat Data Analysis 7th Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2014.
 Muliana, Rahmi A. Pengaruh Self Efficacy dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Employee Engagement (Keterikatan Kerja) Pada Guru SMK Negeri Di Aceh Timur. J Stud Pemikiran, Ris dan Pengemb Pendidik Islam. 2019;7(2):195–208.
 Albrecht SL, Marty A. Personality, Self-Efficacy and Job Resources and Their Associations With Employee Engagement, Affective Commitment and Turnover Intentions. Int J Hum Resour Manag. 2020;31(5):657–81.
 Priambodo EP, Darokah M, Diah SEY. Peran Self Efficacy dan Iklim Organisasi dalam membentuk Employee Engagement melalui Komitmen Organisasi. Psympathic J Ilm Psikol. 2019;6(2):213–28.
 Sahyoni NKT, Supartha IWG. The Effect Of Organizational Culture,Organizational Commitments And Job Satisfaction On Organizational Citizenship Behaviour. Am J Humanit Soc Sci Res. 2020;4(3):425–32.
 Alvi AK, Abbasi AS. Impact Of Organizational Justice On Employee Engagement In Banking Sector Of Pakistan. Middle East J Sci Res. 2012;12(5):643–9.
 Truong TVT, Nguyen HV, Phan MCT. Influences of Job Demands, Job Resources, Personal Resources, and Coworkers Support on Work Engagement and Creativity. J Asian Financ Econ Bus. 2021;8(1):1041–50.
 Nurmala S, Widyasari SD. Self efficacy dan Openness terhadap Perilaku Kerja Inovatif pada Kementerian Dalam Negeri. Psychopolytan J Psikol. 2021;4(2):92–100.
 Aditya DNR, Ardana K. Pengaruh Iklim Organisasi, Kepemimpinan Transformasional, Self Efficacy Terhadap Perilaku Kerja Inovatif. E-Jurnal Manaj Unud. 2016;5(3):1801– 30.
 Mustriwati KA, Sudarmika P, Candiasa IM. The Impact Of Self-Leadership And Organizational Commitment On The Performance Of COVID-19 Nurses. J Nurs Soc Sci Relat to Heal Illn Orig. 2021;23(1):40–4.
 Turay AK, Salamah S, Riani AL. The Effect of Leadership Style, Self-Efficacy and Employee Training on Employee Performance at the Sierra Leone Airport Authority. Int J Multicult Multireligious Underst. 2019;6(2):760.
 Swalhi A, Zgoulli S, Hofaidhllaoui M. The Influence Of Organizational Justice On Job Performance: The Mediating Effect Of Affective Commitment. J Manag Dev. 2017;36(4):542–59.
 Kalay F. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee Performance: A Survey in Turkey and Turkish Context. Int J Hum Resour Stud. 2016;6(1):1.
 Sitorus P, Sarkum S, Nasution MF. The Influence of Transformasional Leadership Style , Organizational Justice , Employee Engagament and Employee Reaction on Employee Performance. Budapest Int Res Critics Institute-Journal. 2021;4(3):4076– 84.
 Agarwal S, Adjirackor T. Impact Of Teamwork On Organizational Productivity In Some Selected Basic Schools In The Accra Metropolitan Assembly. Eur J Business, Econ Account. 2016;4(6):40–52.
 Wahab MHA-AA, Ismail M, Muhayiddin MN. Influence of Internal and External Environmental Factors on Operational Excellence of Manufacturing Sectors in Malaysia. Int J Acad Res Bus Soc Sci. 2019;9(2):961–70.
 Lie D, Dharma E, Sudirman A. Measurement of Teacher Performance in Pematangsiantar City Middle School Through Teacher Certification , Motivation , and Job Satisfaction. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Blended Learning, Educational Technology and Innovation (ACBLETI 2020) Measurement. 2021. p. 396–401.
 Indajang K, Halim F, Sudirman A. The Effectiveness of Teacher Performance in Terms of the Aspects of Principal Leadership , Organizational Culture , and Teacher Competence. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Blended Learning, Educational Technology and Innovation (ACBLETI 2020). 2021. p. 402–8.