Learning Method of Ibnu Khaldun
Ibn Khaldun is a Muslim scientist who has great attention to learning. Learning is an activity of teachers or educators programmed in instructional design, in order to make students learn active, which emphasizes the provision of learning resources. Ibn Khaldun’s thoughts were revealed through his reactive attitude towards the style of the educators of his time who used learning methods as the basis for educational problems, educational habits that received sharp criticism from Ibn Khaldun, namely, the indoctrination method, the dichotomy of science, the forced memorization method, and the militaristic method. Educational methods are all aspects of activities that are directed at guiding students to achieve the desired learning process and the desired changes in their behavior. The learning methods according to Ibn Khaldun include; the phasing method (tadarruj), the repetition method (tikrari), the affection method (Al-Qurb Wa Al-Muyanah), the method of reviewing age maturity in teaching the Koran, the method of adjustment to the physical and psychic of students, the method of conformity to the development of potential students, the method of mastering one field, the widya-wisata method (rihlah), practice/practice (tadrib) and the method of avoiding book summarization (at-Turuk overview).
Keywords: Ibn Khaldun; Learning Methods; Learning
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