Policy Innovation to Support City Food Security


Food security has become a global issue and has raised concerns for both government and non-government parties. Gaps in meeting food needs are often found in various parts of the world. On the one hand, we find people who die of hunger due to limited access to food, but on the other hand, we find people who have too much food. The United Nations has included food issues as part of its global agenda (Sustainable Development Goal #2: Zero Hunger). This confirms the seriousness of problems related to food. The Indonesian Government continues to strive to promote the strength of its food sector through various policy innovations. The food estate launched by the Government basically seeks to create food centers in several regions with the hope of encouraging increased production to be able to meet the food needs of the community. Innovation is also carried out at the city level with Government policies and support from the non-governmental sector to create urban farming. One example is a program carried out in the city of Bandung and which has spread throughout other sub-districts and urban villages (kelurahan). Urban farming, which is given the name Buruan Sae, is a movement to supplement city food, and it is mostly carried out by communities or community groups and is adapted based on local cultural conditions and practices. The urban farming system can provide economic, social, health, environmental and educational benefits. This was qualitative research and data were collected through a literature review and in-depth interviews. This paper found that this innovation in the food policy system can encourage the production side to meet food needs, thereby promoting the sustainability of the food system in urban areas.

Keywords: food security, innovation, food estate, urban farming, sustainability

[1] Undang-undang no. 18 tahun 2012 tentang pangan [Law no. 18 year 2012 on food] (ID). Available from: https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/39100

[2] Food and Agriculture Organization. Food security and nutrition: Building a global narrative towards 2030. Rome: High Level Panel of Expert on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security; 2020.

[3] Sustainable Development Goals. BAPPENAS. Jakarta. 2020; Tanpa Kelaparan. Available from: http://sdgs.bappenas.go.id/tujuan-2

[4] Warr P. Food security vs. food self-sufficiency: The Indonesian case. The Indonesian Quarterly. 2011;39:11-12. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1910356

[5] Pinstrup-Andersen P. Food security: Definition and measurement. Food Security. 2009;1:2-3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-008-0002-y

[6] Carayannis EG, Campbell DF. Mode 3 and quadruple helix: Toward a 21st century fractal innovation ecosystem. International Journal of Technology and Management. 2009;46:210-212. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2009.023374

[7] Rosenlund J. Environmental research collaboration: Cross-sector knowledge production in environmental science [Dissertation]. Linneaus: Linneaus University Press; 2017.

[8] Nurhemi, Soekro SR, Suryani G. Pemetaan ketahanan pangan di Indonesia: Pendekatan TFP dan indeks ketahanan pangan. Jakarta: Bank Indonesia; 2014.

[9] Warr P, Yusuf AA. Fertilizer subsidies and food self-sufficiency in Indonesia. Agricultural Econonics. 2014;(45)5-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/agec.12107

[10] Badan Pusat Statistic [Indonesia Center of Statistic Board]. Hasil survei pertanian antar sensus 2018 [Result of intercensal agricultural survey 2018]. Jakarta: BPS; 2018. Available from: https://www.bps.go.id/publication/download.html

[11] Hamilton-Hart N. Indonesia’s quest for food self-sufficiency: A new agricultural political economy? Journal of Contemporary Asia. 2019;(49)5:734–58. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2019.1617890

[12] Soim A. Three functions of food estate for low- and highproduction of food. Tabloidsinartani; 2021 Feb 28. Available from: https://tabloidsinartani.com/detail/industri-perdagangan/nasional/15763-TigaManfaat-Food-Estate-bagi-Daerah-Defisit-dan-Surplus-Pangan

[13] Indonesia population projection 2010-2035. Badan Pusat Statistic [Indonesia Center of Statistic Board]; 2013 Oct 7. Available from: https://www.bps.go.id/publication/ 2013/10/07/053d25bed2e4d62aab3346ec/proyeksi-penduduk-indonesia-2010- 2035.html

[14] Bhwana PG. Govt boosts ambitious food estate program in Kalimantan. Tempo.co; 2021 Jan 21. Available from: https://en.tempo.co/read/1425246/govtboosts-ambitious-food-estate-program-in-kalimantan

[15] Irawan KI. Melongok food estate di malind anim. Kompas.id; 2021 Jan 4. Available from: https://www.kompas.id/baca/ilmu-pengetahuanteknologi/2021/01/04/melongok-food-estate-di-malind-anim

[16] Laksana F. Proyek lumbung pangan melebar ke NTT. Kompas.id; 2021 Feb 23. Available from: https://www.kompas.id/baca/ekonomi/2021/02/23/proyek-lumbungpangan-melebar-ke-ntt

[17] Sutrisno E. Perkembangan food estate kalteng menggembirakan. Indonesia.go.id; 2021 Apr 30. Available from: https://indonesia.go.id/kategori/editorial/2749/perkembangan-food-estate-kaltengmenggembirakan