Factors Affecting Coping Strategies in Post-Stroke Patients: A Literature Study


Strokes can cause disability and death. The disability experienced causes post-stroke stress syndrome, which results in maladaptive coping strategies. Coping strategies is important because it affects the patient’s outcome and recovery. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence coping strategies in post-stroke patients based on the results of a literature study. Journals from several databases such as Google Scholar (n=8), ProQuest (n=5), Science Direct (n=1), PubMed (n=1), and Springer Link (n=3) were selected. The data search used several keywords and conjunctions (AND and OR). Based on specified criteria such as journals within the last 5 years (2016-2020), in English, research articles, open access, and full text, post-stroke patient population, intervention, and comparison according to research methods, journal findings, and outcomes that discuss coping strategies. Journal findings were tested for quality using the adjusted JBI and analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed that several factors influenced coping strategies in post-stroke patients such as psychological (16%), social support (13%), self-ability (13%), sequelae (10%), spiritual (9%), stroke severity (9%), material (6%), dependence (6%), rehabilitation (6%), care (3%), gender (3%), lack of information (3%), and perception of disease (3%). Coping strategies for post-stroke patients that focus on problems and emotions.

Keywords: Post Stroke, Coping Strategies, Patient

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