Chemicals for Protecting Corn Crops from Cotton Budworm
Agrarian research is aimed at increasing crop yields by using modern agricultural technologies, including plant protection drugs. Certain corn pests have an annual distribution, but their harmfulness depends on overwintering and weather and climatic conditions in the spring and summer growing seasons. In 2016-2019, research was conducted to reduce the harmfulness of phytophages on corn crops. The species composition of the pests was studied and progressive species were identified. Second generation cotton budworms damage corn crops. The most effective insecticides against cotton budworms were selected. Chemical insecticides and microbiological drugs were identified. With a timely double spraying of corn with Lepidocide, the biological efficiency was 80%. Analyzing the data of insecticide tests, we have identified promising insecticides against cotton budworms that damage corn crops in the steppe arid zone of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic.
Keywords: corn, phytosanitary monitoring, identification, cotton budworm, insecticides, economic efficiency, biological efficiency
 Peresypkin, V. F., et al. (1989). Practicum on Experimental Techniques in Plant Protection. Moscow: Agropromizdat, pp. 22-25.
 Pospelov, S. M. (1988). Practicum on Plant Protection. Moscow: Agropromizdat, pp. 16-19.
 Govorov, D. N., Zhivykh, A. V. and Shchetinin, P. B. (2017). Experiments are a Visual Way to Compare Pesticides. Plant Protection and Quarantine, vol. 8, pp. 40-41.
 Akhremovich, M. B., et al. (1976). Identifier of Agricultural Pests for Damage to Cultivated Plants. Leningrad: Rossellit pp. 38-48.
 Artokhin, K. S. (2012). Pests of Agricultural Crops: Reference and Educational-Methodical Manual (Vol. I). Moscow: Niva, pp. 339-377.
 Goncharov, N. R., Kolychev, N. G. and Cherkasov, V. A. (1985). Organization of Plant Protection. Moscow: Rosselkhozizdat, pp.17-27.
 Ministry of Agriculture (2019). Guide of Pesticides and Agrochemicals Permitted for Use on the Territory of the Russian Federation. Pp. 848.
 Chochaev, M. M. (2013). Features of the Adaptive - Landscape Farming System of the KabardinoBalkarian Republic. Nalchik: Monograph, pp. 53-60.
 Khromova, L. M., Shipsheva, Z. L. and Khromova, D. A. (2018). How to Protect Corn Crops from Harmful Organisms. Plant Protection and Quarantine, vol. 12, pp. 29-31.
 Khromova, L. M., et al. Biodiversity of Pests in Grain Agrocenosis in Kabardino-Balkaria. The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioral Sciences, pp. 920-928.
 Shipsheva, Z. L. (2019). Search for New Drugs to Protect Corn Crops from Cotton Budworm. Plant Protection and Quarantine, vol. 12, pp. 26-27.