Effect of Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise on Respiratory Frequency Among Tuberculosis Patients at Balai Besar Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat Makassar
Pulmonary tuberculosis patients tend to experience high respiratory frequency. The breathing muscles in patients who experience shortness of breath can work when respiratory abnormalities occur. This study aims to determine the effect of Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise on Respiratory Frequency among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients. The design in this study is a Quasi-Experimental design with a two-group approach, and a pre-test and post-test design. The sample is comprised of 20 patients in the Balai Besar Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat Makassar between 6 January – 8 February 2020. The instruments used in this study were the standard operational procedure of the Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise and the Respiratory Frequency Observation Sheet to determine the changes in the respiratory frequency of patients in the treatment and control groups. Statistics were analyzed using the T dependent test and Wilcoxon test. The Wilcoxon test result on the intervention group obtained the value of p = 0.004 or p < 0.05 and control group achieved p value = 0.157 or p > 0.05, it means the intervention group indicated influence and control group did not get any it. The intervention group that was treated by Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise acquired influence of breathing frequency on the pulmonary TB patients, but in another hand control group that only was measured the breathing frequency did not get any influence on the pulmonary TB patients.
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Breathing Frequency, Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise
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