The Estimation of the Initial Stage of Succession of Green-pine Trees Windfall in the Eastern Moscow Suburbs
The paper is devoted to the study of entomocomplex of stem pests, the number and biology of its dominant species and the ecological structure of the soil mesofauna of the two differing in composition and growing conditions, areas of wind pine forests-green insects. The main causes of windfalls, which are unfavorable soil and soil conditions and the defeat of trees by the root sponge, are established. The degree of participation of different types of feed substrate in the dynamics of the number of stem pests in the lesion is estimated. In addition to the windfall of trees, stem pests are the adjacent one, decreasing the resistance of pine in the walls of the forest, overmature trees or trees weakened by anthropogenic, standing trees, the trunks of which are damaged by windfall to a lesser extent than the remaining standing part of inboard of broken trunks. We identified eight species of entomophagous parasitic on the grubs of Longhorn beetles and jewel beetles. It is noted that the population of ground beetles, in windswept areas studied, is characterized by a decrease in species diversity, a decrease in the number of moisture-loving species typical of pine forests of the Eastern Moscow region, a change in the spectrum of life forms in the direction of reducing litter species and increasing the proportion of litter-soil.
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