Bioindication of Surface Water of Fish Ponds and Streams for the Dynamics of Phosphatase Activity in Hepatopancreas of Aquatic Organisms
Bioindication allows monitoring the ecological state of rivers and ponds. It is the mechanism of the environmental effect on aquatic organisms that the dynamics of interior parameters makes it possible to determine the type of the effect, single emergency or retrospective, even if the environmental damage to surface waters was caused a long time ago. Due to this, the efficiency of taking timely measures to clean toxic water is high. The use of the dynamics of phosphatase activity in hepatopancreas of Unio pictorum mollusks as a test reaction is true to present the picture of pollution. In a case of short-term pollution by household or agricultural wastewater, an increase in the activity of phosphatase in the hepatopancreas of mollusks by 1.5 units/g of protein after 12 hours and by 0.8 units/g of protein after 18 hours was noted, etc. As a result of studies, test responses of mollusks allowed graphs to be constructed to determine the toxicity of the environment. They are proposed for preventive work to identify contamination of fish ponds and streams used for watering of farm animals.
 Aleksandrova, M. A. (2017). Analysis of environmental problems of the Barents Sea and their influence on the condition of the sanitary and nestles stock of the main wealth of Barents Sea north-waterstone of the arctic cod. Modern Science Success, vol. 2, issue 12, pp. 153–156.
 Baranova, T. V. (2017). Evaluation of the environment at betula pendula cytogenetic parameters. Modern Science Success, vol. 1, issue 9, pp. 97–104.
 Vikhman, A. A. and Generalova L. P. (2017). Guidelines for the quantitative analysis of humoral factors of resistance in organs and tissues of fish, Moscow, VNIIPRH.
 Vikhman, A. A., Sitnova, O. V., Generalova, L. P., Shart, L. A. and Borschev, V. N. (2015). On the methods of studying the variability of the immunophysiological reactivity of fish. The development of aquaculture in inland water bodies, Moscow, Moscow University Press, pp. 58–59.
 Gabysheva, N. S., Protopopova, A. V., Sorokopudov, V. N. (2017). Gene pool of ribes nigrum l. on stability to illnesses and wreckers in the con- ditions of Yakutia. Modern Science Success, vol. 1, issue 9, pp. 174–180.
 Golovina, N. A., Romanova, N. N. and Golovin, P. P. (2017). Ecologo- faunistic analysis of parasites of fish of the Belgorod and Staroos- kolsky reservoirs in Scientific statements of Belgorod State University.
 Golovina, N.A., Romanova, N.N. (2013). On the occurrence of Pseud- amphistomum truncatum (Rudolphi, 1919) in carp fish in water bodies of central Russia. In the book: Parasitology in the changing world in Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the Parasitological Society of the Russian Academy of Science (Novosibirsk, September 23–26, 2013), Novosibirsk.
 Dorovskikh, G.N. (2001). Biodiversity of the European North. Abstracts of international scientific conferences, Petrazovodsk, pp. 57–58.
 Korovushkin, A. A., Nefedova, S. A. (2016). The current state and prospects of commercial aquaculture development, In coll. of the national conference Innovative development of the modern agro-industrial complex of Russia, FSBEI HE RSATU, December 12, 2016, pp. 360–362.
 Nefedova, S. A., Korovushkin, A. A., Shashurina, E. A. (2015). Bio-testing techniques with the use of aquaculture representatives as test objects, Agrarian Russia, Moscow, Folium, no. 4, pp. 35–39.
 Nefedova, S. A., Korovushkin, A. A., Minin, D. G., Zutova, L. B. and Ipatov, I. A. (2014). On the issue of selecting test-sensitive hydrobionts for water bio-testing in laboratory, industrial and natural conditions, Theoretical and Applied Ecology, no. 3.