Overview of the Russian Legal Framework in the Sphere of "Green" Building


The article deals with a brief overview of the main laws, national standards, regulatory and technical documents that regulate legal relations in the field of ”green” building in Russia. The key features of the existing legislative framework regulating environmental aspects in construction are identified and the factors limiting the introduction of ”green” building in the construction sector are considered. The tendency of normative documents development in the field of environmental protection taking into account scientific and technical achievements and requirements of international rules and standards is noted. The paper provides a schematic description of the relations regulation and the establishment of mandatory requirements in the construction industry. There are also documents showing the requirements can be mandatory or voluntary. The authors consider the standards that provide a comprehensive analysis of all constructing systems from the standpoint of sustainability. The normative and technical documents describe a set of principles, categories, evaluation criteria, indicators, recommended indicators and environmental requirements for real estate. In conclusion, the lack of uniform, updated and a complete regulatory framework for technical regulation in the field of green building and the necessity to stimulate economic entities in the sphere of construction and real estate at the state level with a view to enhancing the practice of green building.

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[4] The Constitution of The Russian Federation. Retrieved from: (1) Russian Constitution (set of rules) http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/

[5] Federal Law. On Environmental Protection. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_34823/

[6] Federal Law. On Ecological Expertise. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_8515/

[7] 11399-2007. Ergonomics of the thermal environment. Principles and application of relevant international standards. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200060196

[8] Federal Law. On Energy Saving and on Increasing Energy Efficiency and on Amendments to certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant.ru/ document/cons_doc_LAW_93978/

[9] The Decree of the Government from 1.09.2016 1853. The Plan of Measures (road map) to improve the Energy Efficiency of Buildings. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_204219/

[10] The government Decree of January 25, 2011 No. 18. On Approval of Rules establishing Energy Efficiency Requirements for Buildings, Structures, Constructions and Requirements to the rules determining the Energy Efficiency Class of Apartment Buildings. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_109801/

[11] Order of the Ministry of construction of Russia dated June 6, 2016 No. 399. On Approval of the Rules for determining the Energy Efficiency Class of Apartment Buildings. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant. ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_203089/

[12] Order of the Ministry of construction of Russia from 17.11.2017 N 1550. On Approval of the Energy Efficiency Requirements of Buildings, Constructions, Structures. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant. ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_294136/

[13] Federal Law. On Technical Regulation. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_40241/

[14] Resolution of the RF Government December 26, 2014 N 1521. Retrieved from: http://www.consultant. ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_173491/

[15] The Order of Standart on March 30, 2015. Retrieved from: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/ doc/70835970/

[16] 27751-2014. Reliability of Building Structures and Foundations. Fundamentals. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200115736

[17] 31937-2011. Buildings and structures. Rules of Inspection and Monitoring of Technical Condition. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200100941

[18] 18105-2010. Concretes. Rules of Control and Evaluation of Strength. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-18105-2010

[19] 52044-2003. Outdoor advertising on Roads and Territories of Urban and Rural Settlements. General Technical Requirements for Outdoor Advertising. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-r- 52044-2003

[20] Bases of the state policy in the field of ecological development of the Russian Federation for the period till 2030. Retrieved from: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/15177

[21] 54964-2012. Conformity assessment. Environmental requirements for real estate. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-r-54964-2012