Features of Forming the Composition of the Atmosphere in the City of Murmansk
The article is devoted to the issues of planning and development of urban environment in the Arctic region of the Russian Federation, the city of Murmansk located beyond the Arctic Circle is investigated as an example. The article provides a description of the natural and climatic conditions, characteristic of the latitude of the city, it also gives a detailed analysis of the site development and the microclimate it formed, impacting greatly on the distribution of pollutants in the city’s outside air and, consequently, on the comfortable conditions for the northerners living. The conclusions are based on the surveys of more than 200 industrial facilities located on the territory of Murmansk and the city’s transport as well. The analysis of their combined impact on the outside atmosphere of the city was conducted by the specialists of JSC Research Institute ”Atmosphere” applying the system of summary calculation.
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