Assessment of Spring Water on Geological Characteristics (Springs in Murmansk Are Taken As an Example)


The article deals with the relevance of the spring waters study and presents the results of the springs’ classification in Murmansk and outskirts of the town on geological and ecological characteristics. Spring Water is the main source of water for drinking, agricultural and industrial needs. The availability of water determines the location and activities of people in the area. Our growing population experiences great demands on natural freshwater resources. However they are under various forms of pollution such as agricultural, industrial and domestic. In this research spring water samples were taken from the springs of Murmansk and outskirts of the town. Physical and chemical parameters were analyzed. The characteristics of each parameter were compared with the standard data established in the Russian Federation for this indicator. The characteristics of each parameter were within safe limits.

[1] Narratives, A. A. (2010). Complex classification of springs by geo-ecological features (the territory of Sergiev Posad district in Moscow region). Ecology and life safety series, vol. 3, pp. 71–76.

[2] Moiseenko, T. I. (2004) Water resources of the Euro-Arctic region and key problems of their quality change.

[3] Reda, H. (2015) Assessment of Physicochemical Quality of Spring Water in Arbaminch, Ethiopia. Environmental Analytical Chemistry, vol. 2.5.

[4] Jebreen, H. (2015). Spring Water Qualitative Assessment in Mountainous Areas, Case Study: Soreq Catchment/Ramallah/West Bank. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, vol. 7, pp. 851–859.

[5] Petrishchev, V. (2019). Geographical conditions for formation of spring flow in the Transvolga-Ural region. Geography and natural resources, vol. 1, pp. 70–78.

[6] Konn, V. (2017). Estimation of the quality of spring waters of the Rostov region. Polythematic network electronic magazine ”Scientific works of the Kuban state university”, vol. 7, pp. 408–413.

[7] Fatbardh, G. (2018). Study of chemical characteristics and pollution assessment of spring and well waters in a part of the Istog municipality (Kosovo). Sustainable Water Resources Management, vol.4, pp. 399–414.

[8] Ibeneme, S. (2013). Assessment of the Chemical Characteristics of a Spring Water Source at Ife-Owutu, Ezinihite-Mbaise, Southeastern Nigeria. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER), Vol. 02, No. 10, pp. 282–290.