Concept of Microclimate in Russian Legislation


In the constantly changing conditions of the external environment, the microclimate is supported by the stabilizing systems of the building in the overall system ”building - exterior fences and engineering equipment”. To create a comfortable microclimate in the room, special systems are used: heating, ventilation, and humidification. To create thermal comfort indoors means ensuring its complex meteorological conditions in which the thermoregulatory system of the body is in a state of the least tension, and all the other physiological functions occur at the level most beneficial for the body. In the modern world the quality of the indoor environment is a priority, part of the requirements is reflected in the modern standards of green building, part in the national standards. So the Russian Federation has legislative and normative-legal acts, reflecting the characteristics of environmental quality: GOST (State Standard) 30494-2011, SanPiN (Sanitary Regulations and Norms), GOST R ISO (Russian National Standard) 7730-2009, SN 2605-82, SNiP (Construction Standards and Regulations) 23-05-95 and others. Normalized microclimatic indicators include temperature, humidity and air velocity, surface temperature of building envelopes, objects, equipment. But at the present stage, the formation of a harmonized and safe environment of the room depends on many factors, which should not only reflect functional, social, climatic, urban planning, construction design, architectural-artistic and economic characteristics, but also socio-psychological and environmental components of the room.

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