Seaweeds of Protected Area of Kandalaksha Bay - the Continuity Phytocenosis Guarantor


Ecosystems of the northern seas are highly productive and highly vulnerable requiring continued preservation of the shallow coastal marine zones. Research was conducted in the protected portions of the Kandalaksha Bay Kandalaksha State Nature Reserve of the White Sea. Here there are large shallow water areas among many large and small islands. These areas are characterized by having extensive coastlines with different types of intertidal zones. The highly varied nature of the coastal zones, with the unique conditions found in the different bays, creates peculiar regional and local hydrodynamic conditions. The abundant large and small rivers flowing into these areas provide a continuous flow of biogenic elements. These nutrients when combined with the steady flow of sedimentary material (as substratum for seaweeds) create favorable conditions for development of a variety of marine phytocenosis. Seaweeds of the protected reserve water of the Kandalaksha Bay may be the guarantor of phytocenosis continuity of the White Sea.

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