The Internal Picture of the Child’s Health Viewed in the Context of Parent-Child Relationship
The main function of the internal picture of health (IPH) is the regulation of a person’s activity or behavior, and is aimed at maintaining the person’s health, illness prevention and illness resistance. There is one subject that continues to be insufficiently accessible to psychological research, i.e. the system of the parenting style adopted in a family and the IPH levels of their children. We can suppose that IPH is one of the major indicators of the health-oriented behavior, the latter being significantly influenced by the interfamily relationships and the parenting style.
Methods: there were 82 primary school children who participated in the study. Along with the children, their mothers also took part in the research. Practically all of the fathers agreed to enroll in the study, but in fact only a few were actually involved, which was not enough to provide evidence-based conclusions. The IPH of the children and their parents was evaluated by means of a questionnaire (Nikolaeva et al., 2014). Upbringing styles were assessed by “The Analysis of Family Relationships” questionnaire (AFR method). We have shown that the better-developed the IPH is, the more likely it can signify a harmonious upbringing style. A low level of the parents’ emotional intelligence results n the predominance of indulging hyper protection parenting style which is considered ineffective.
Keywords: the internal picture of health, parent-child relationship, parents, primary schoolchildren.
 Alexander, F. (2009). Psychosomatic medicine. Мoskow, M: Institute of general humanitarian studies.
 Ananyev, V.A. (2006). Fundamentals of the psychology of health. Saint-Petersburg, SP: Rech.
 Anson, O., Shteingrad, J., & Paran, E. (2011). Self-Rated Health and Survival: A SevenYears Follow-up. Psychology, 2(9), 987-991.
 Blum, V.V. (2011) Structure of the internal picture of health in school children (PhD dissertation). Digital Retrieved from dissertation Library of the Russian State Library. (DisserCat. 433514)
 Bowlby, J. (1979). Maternal Care and Mental Health. Jeneva.
 Eidemiller, E.G., Dobryakov, I.V., & Nikolskaya, I.M. (2006). Family diagnosis and family psychotherapy. Saint-Petersburg, SP: Rech.
 Isaev, D.N. (2000). Psychosomatic disorders in children: a guide for doctors. SaintPetersburg, SP: Piter.
 Kagan, V.E. (1993). Is the internal picture of health a term or concept? Voprosy Psychologii, 5, 129-130.
 Komlik, L.Yu., & Merenkova, V.S. (2017). Interrelation of emotional intelligence of parents and child-parent relations. Vestnik of Kostroma State university. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 23(3), 37-40.
 Luszczynska, A., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Multidimensional health locus of control: Comments on the contruct and its measurement. Journal of Health Psychology, 10(5), 633-642.
 Meland, E., Haugland, S., & Breidablic, H. (2007). Body image and perceived health in adolescence. Health Education Research, 22(3), 342-350.
 Nikolaeva, E.I., & Merenkova, V.S. (2012). The role of the inner health picture (IHP) in the child’s resilience. Psychology & Health, 27(1), 290.
 Nikolaeva, E.I., & Merenkova, V.S. (2015, November 27). Model of the relationship between the internal picture of the child’s health and the type of family upbringing. Modern problems of science and education, p. 2(2). Retrieved from https://scienceeducation.ru
 Nikolaeva, E.I., Fedoruk, V.I., & Zacharina, E.Yu. (2014). The health promoting and health forming behavior in kindergarten. Saint-Petersburg, SP: Detstvo-Press.
 Parke, R.D. (2004). Development in family. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 356- 369.
 Schwarzer, R. (1999). Self-regulatory processes in the adoption and maintenance of health behavior: The role of optimism, goals and threats. Journal of Health Psychology, 4(2), 115-127.
 Schwarzer, R. (2008). Models of health behavior change: Intention as mediator or stage as moderator. Psychology and Health, 23(3), 259-263.
 Schwarzer, R., & Renner, B. (2000). Social-cognitive predictors of health behavior: Action self-efficacy and coping self-efficacy. Health Psychology, 19(5), 487-495.
 Voinova, E.Yu. (2009) Psychogenic factors of health impairment in older preschoolers (PhD dissertation). Retrieved from digital Dissertation Library of the Russian State Library. (DisserCat. 350827)
 White, S., Chen, J., & Atchison R. (2008). Relationship of Preventive Health Practies and Health Literacy: A National Study. American Journal of Health Behavior, 32(3), 227-242.