Assumption of Moral Values By the Children and Adolescents in the Conditions of the Personality’s Psycho-physiological Self-restriction in the Extremal Situations


In the current conditions of the shortage of the ideals, romantic scarcity and difficulties in assimilating cultural values by the younger generation, it is important to study the topic of assumption of the moral patterns by the children and adolescents in the situations of physical and mental stress. L.S. Vygotsky and A.R. Luria’s ideas on the cultural and historical conditionalism of the psyche and personality’s development have become the methodological basis of the study. The empirical data were obtained during the cultural and historical event of high social significance held in Kirov every year in early June, and this event is connected with the transfer of social and cultural values from one generation to another. During the 2006–2017, the methods of observation, visual methods, an express survey suitable for studying the problem were selected and applied. The important pattern of behavior under the extremal conditions to be self-restriction, which is assumed by the children and adolescents in the process of withstanding the difficulties together with adults was studied. The results obtained showed that the emotional adaptability of children and adults in difficult life situations depends on the social environment and the significance of cultural and historical activities. The results of the embodied, unembodied observation and the express survey showed that the differences in the motivation of children
and adults are not a factor of separation and are combined with the consonance of the emotional state to achieve a common goal. The data obtained open up new opportunities to explore the dynamics of self-development in the conditions of psychophysiological self-restriction and the features of the cultural values assimilation by a person and a group of people in non-standard situations.

Keywords: difficult life situation, self-restriction, internal conflict, cultural values, moral values, self-development

[1] Antsyferova, L. I. (1994). Lichnost’ v trudnyh zhiznennyh usloviyah: pereosmyslivanie, preobrazovanie situacij i psihologicheskaya zashchita [A personality in difficult life conditions: re-thinking, transformation of situations and psychological protection]. Psychological Journal, no. 1, pp. 3–19.

[2] Cole, M. (1997). Cultural Psychology: A Once and Future Discipline. Russian Translation. Moscow.

[3] Elkonin, B. D. (1994). Vvedenie v psihologiyu razvitiya [Introduction to the Psychology of Development]. Мoscow. Trivola.

[4] Glozman, Zh. I., Vygotsky, L. S., and Luria, A. R. (2004). Istoki sotvorchestva [Sources of co-creation]. Issues of Psychology, no. 6, pp. 93–102.

[5] Iretsky, A. N. and Oginets, L. V. (2002). Psihofiziologicheskie ogranicheniya dlya pedagogicheskih i psihologicheskih system [Psychophysiological restraints for pedagogical and psychological systems]. Proceedings of St. Petersburg Conference St. Petersburg Philosophical Society, pp. 201–206.

[6] Khinkanina, А. (2014). Exhibiting affiliation with disable children in diverse social development situations. Procedia – ELSEVIER, Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 146, pp. 240–245.

[7] Kryukova, T. L. (2008). Chelovek kak sub”ekt sovladayushchego povedeniya [An Individual as the Subject of Coping Behavior]. A. L. Zhuravleva, T. L. Kryukova, and E. A. Sergienko (eds.). Moscow. RAN Institute of Psychology.

[8] Lazarus, R. S. and Folkman, S. (1986). Cognitive theories of stress and the issue и of circularity, in M. H. Appley and R. Trumbull (eds.) Dynamics of Stress. Physiological, Psychological, and Social Perspectives, pp. 63–80. New York, NY: Plenum.

[9] Libina, А. V. (2008). Sovladayushchij intellekt [Coping Intellect]. Мoscow. Eksmo Publishing House.

[10] Mannay, D. (2014). Visual Methodologies: Participatory Potential, Practicalities, De-Familiarisation and Dissemination. Case Published: Product: SAGE Research Methods Cases. DOI:

[11] McClelland, D. (2007). Human Motivation. Piter.

[12] Nartova-Bochaver, S. K. (1997). «Coping behavior» v sisteme ponyatij psihologii lichnosti [Coping behavior in the system of concepts of personality psychology]. Psychological Journal, no. 5, pp. 20–30.

[13] Nikolskaya, I. M. and Granovskaya, R. M. (2000). Psihologicheskaya zashchita u detej [Psychological Protection for Children]. St. Petersburg: Rech.

[14] Osin, E. N., Malyutina, A. V., and Kosheleva, N. V. (2016). Self-transcendence facilitates meaning-making and flow: Evidence from a pilot experimental study. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 80–96.

[15] Over, H. and Carpenter, M. (2009). Eighteen-month-old infants show increased helping following priming with affiliation. Psychological Science, vol. 20, pp. 1189– 1193.

[16] Rubin, M. (2011). Social affiliation cues prime help-seeking intentions. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 138–141.

[17] Suvorov, А. V. (1996). Chelovechnost’ kak faktor samorazvitiya lichnosti [Humanity as a factor in self-development of the individual]. Doctor degree dissertation. Moscow.

[18] Tarantino, N., Tully, E. C., Garcia, S. E., et al. Genetic and environmental influences on affiliation with deviant peers during adolescence and early adulthood. Developmental Psychology (Advance online publication). DOI: 10.1037/a0034345

[19] Vygotsky, L. S. (1984). Orudie i znak v razvitii rebenka [A Tool and sign in the child’s development]. Collected Works, vol. 6. M. Pedagogy.

[20] Vygotsky, L. S. (2000). Psihologiya [Psychology]. Мoscow: EKSMO-Press.

[21] Vygotsky, L. S. and Luria, A. R. (1993). Etyudy po istorii povedeniya: Obez’yana. Primitiv. Rebenok [Studies on the History of Behavior: Monkey. Primitive. Child.]. Moscow: Pedagogika-Press.

[22] WORKING WITH REFUGEE CHILDREN AND FAMILIES: Update for Mental Health Professionals. Produced by 2009 APA Task Force on the Psychosocial Effects of War on Children and Families Who Are Refugees From Armed Conflict Residing in the United States Retrieved, September 23, 2017, from