Professional Interests in the Early Youth: Peculiarities of Boys and Girls

Abstract

We give the results of research interests in choosing a profession among high school students. The sample consisted of 859 people, 385 of them were boys and 474 were girls between the ages of 14 and 18. The purpose of the study is to study the differences in interests between young men and women that we identified earlier in
the professional fields of technology and art in relation to other professional spheres. For the study, the results of computer testing, using the ‘Proforientator’ method, were used. Studies have made it possible to identify the psychological construct as a community of interests in the professional fields of technology, science and sign.
Another distinguished psychological construct is the combination of interests of art, communication, business and sign. It is shown that there are specific, reflecting gender identity in addition to the common interests in the professional socialization among boys and girls. The following specific features are revealed: interest in technology among young men is an additional combination with interests in the professions of business and art. So, girls have an additional combination of interests in the fields of nature and communication but young men have interest in art and it is combined with interests in the professions of science and nature.



Keywords: interests, professional socialization, professional spheres, career guidance work with teenagers

References
[1] Pryazhnikova, E. Yu. and Egorenko, T. A. (2012). Problemy‘ professional‘nogo stanovleniya lichnosti. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psixologiya, vol. 2, pp. 111–121.


[2] Semenova, V. E. (2006). Osobennosti genderny‘x otnoshenij sub“ektov deyatel‘nosti vsisteme sfer obshhestvennoj zhizni. Nizhnij Novgorod. Retrieved from https://newdisser.ru/_avtoreferats/01003028208.pdf


[3] Klimov, E. A. (2010). Psixologiya professional‘nogo samoopredeleniya. Moskva: Izdatel‘skij centr «Akademiya».


[4] Pryazhnikov, N. S. and Rumyanceva, L. S. (2013). Samoopredelenie i professional‘naya orientaciya uchashhixsya. Moskva: Izdatel‘skij centr Akademiya


[5] Rezapkina, G. V. (2013). V poiskax orientirov In Materialy‘ 11 Vserossijskogo soveshhaniya «Professional‘naya orientaciya i professional‘noe samoopredelenie v sovremennoj Rossii: zadachi, soderzhanie, texnologii» 12-13 noyabrya 2013 goda, pp. 33–38. Moscow: Federal‘ny‘j institut razvitiya obrazovaniya.


[6] Ismagilova, F. S. (2013). Professional‘noe konsul‘tirovanie: problemy‘ i podxody‘. Germany: Palmarium Academic Publishing.


[7] Dianina, E. V. (2017). Rossijskaya i zarubezhny‘e sistemy‘ upravleniya professional‘noj orientaciej uchashhejsya molodezhi: sravnitel‘ny‘j analiz,. Sociodynamics, vol. 3, pp.10–17. Retrieved from http://e-notabene.ru/pr/article_22349.html


[8] Klecina, I. S. (2004). Psixologiya genderny‘x otnoshenij. Sankt-Peterburg. Retrieved from http://irbis.gnpbu.ru/Aref_2004/Kletsina_I_S_2004.pdf


[9] Aron, I. S. (2009). Genderny‘e aspekty‘ professional‘nogo samoopredeleniya starsheklassnikov Grani poznaniya, vol. 3, no. 4. Retrieved from http://www.grani. vspu.ru/jurnal/4


[10] Kobazova, Yu. V. (2009). Gendernaya socializacii starshix shkol‘nikov v processe professional‘nogo samoopredeleniya. Moskva. Retrieved from https://new-disser. ru/_avtoreferats/01004403313.pdf


[11] Zdravomy‘slova, E. A. and Temkina, A. A. (2001). Issledovaniya zhenshhin i genderny‘e issledovaniya na zapade i v Rossii, in E. A. Zdravomy‘slova and A. A. Temkina (eds.) Xrestomatiya k kursu «Osnovy‘ genderny‘x issledovanij», pp. 225–234. Мoscow: Moskovskij centr genderny‘x issledovanij.


[12] Rozhkova, S. V. (2006). Genderny‘e osobennosti pedagogicheskoj kul‘tury‘ uchitelya. Rostov Don. Retrieved from https://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/01003278580#?


[13] Rogovskaya, N. I. (2007). Formirovanie poznavatel‘ny‘x interesov podrostkov s uchetom genderny‘x osobennostej, in Innovacii v obshhem i dopolnitel‘nom obrazovanii., Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universtiteta., vol. 1, pp. 50–53. Volgograd: Volgogradskij gosudarstvenny‘j pedagogicheskij universitet.


[14] Berezhkovskaya, E. L. (2010). Interests’ features and self-determination in teen age. Herald of the RSUH. Series: Psychology. Ptdagogy. Education, vol. 17, no. 60.


[15] Shafranov-Kucev, G. F. and Efimova, G. Z. (2014). Sociological portrait of the senior of the university (elite) gymnasium in Tyumen region. The Education and Science Journal, vol. 10, pp. 76–92.


[16] Yavon, S. V. (2013). Zhiznennoe samoopredelenie molodezhi v sovremennom rossijskom obshhestve. Moskva. Retrieved from https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/ 01005536635


[17] Rogovskaya, N. I. (2007). Formirovanie poznavatel‘ny‘x interesov podrostkov s uchetom genderny‘x osobennostej. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, vol. 1, pp. 50–53.


[18] Anan‘ev, B. G. (2010). Chelovek kak predmet poznaniya. Moskva: Piter.


[19] Shmelev, A. G. (2007). Psixodiagnostika lichnostny‘x chert. Moskva: RGB.


[20] Ivanova, O. N. and Odinczova, V. V. (2006). Kompleks testirovaniya «Proforientator»: psixometricheskie i pragmaticheskie svojstva testa. Psixologicheskaya diagnostika, vol. 2, pp. 41–69.


[21] Serebryakov, A. G., Kononova, V. N., Altuxov, V. V., et al. (2010). Prognosticheskaya validnost‘ psixologicheskoj metodiki «PROFORIENTATOR» (po materialam otsrochennogo anketirovaniya. Voprosy Psychologii, vol. 1, pp. 115–127.


[22] Holland, J. L. (1959). A theory of vocational choice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 59, pp. 35–45.


[23] Gavrilov, V. E. (1987). Ispol‘zovanie modul‘nogo podxoda dlya psixologicheskoj klassifikacii professij v celyax proforientacii, Voprosy‘ psixologii, vol. 1, pp. 111–117.