History of Studying Semantic Aphasia Mechanisms (Based on Materials from Lurian Archive)
The scientific heritage of Alexander Luria is vast and not completely studied. His scientific archive includes a range of documents that academics have never encountered. We analyzed the history of Luria’s research of semantic aphasia, specifically as it is related to the impairment of visuospatial processing. For this purpose, we investigated unpublished archive materials dating back to 1928–1940, particularly the monograph ‘Parietal Aphasia’ from 1940. The literature regarding the history of the issue and neurophysiological and linguistic interpretations of semantic aphasia is discussed in detail by Luria. We also introduce Luria’s diagnostic manual
for the semantic impairment of language and describe the syndrome structure of semantic aphasia. To conclude, we discuss the specificity of semantic aphasia analysis in the pre-war monograph compared to later studies.
Keywords: semantic aphasia, visuospatial processing, temporal-parietal-occipital association area, A.R. Luria, neuropsychology, neurolinguistics, history of psychology
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 Luria, A. R. (1980). Higher Cortical Functions in Man. New York, NY: Basic Book. [Russian edition 1969.]
 Luria, A. R. (1973). The Working Brain: An Introduction to Neuropsychology. New York, NY: Basic Books Inc. [Russian edition 1973.]
 Luria, A. R. (1976). Basic Problems of Neurolinguistics. The Hague: Mouton. [Russian edition 1975.]
 Luria, A. R. (1987). The Man with a Shattered World. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. [Russian edition 1971.]
 Luria, A. R. (2006). The Autobiography of Alexander Luria: A Dialogue with the Making of Mind. Edited by M. Cole and K. Levitin. Mahwah, New Jersey: L. Erlbaum Associates. [Russian edition 1982.]
 Luria, A. R. (1940). Uchenie ob afazii v svete mozgovoj patologii. Chast’ II. Temennaja (semanticheskaja) afazija [The doctrine of aphasia in the light of cerebral pathology. Part II. Parietal (semantic) aphasia]. Moscow. [Unpublished document from the E.G. Radkovskaya archive.]
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