Application of Generalized Reciprocal Method on 2D Seismic Refraction Data in Mt. Manglayang, West Java


The imaging of shallow subsurface structures, weathered rock thickness and velocity propagation distribution of the rocks can be identified by seismic refraction. This method is one of the geophysical exploration methods utilizing refracted wave once it reaches the boundary of subsurface layer. In this research we used the generalized reciprocal method (GRM) as one of the robust processing methods in analyzing subsurface data. This method was chosen due to its accuracy in interpreting shallow subsurface layer with highly undulating refractors by determining time velocity analysis, XY optimum distances, and time depth analysis, then, the expected depth values can be achieved. The acquisition of data for this research was conducted using 13 geophones with forward and reverse sources, the data were then picked to get travel time values and inverted to obtain real geological setting of the earth. The results were interpreted as 2 layers, the first layer had a velocity distribution of 499.289 m/s which was identified as a weathered layer with a thickness of about 4.74 meters, whereas the second layer was interpreted as clay rock with velocity distribution of 1270.433 m/s with the thickness reached up to 16 meters.

Keywords: generalized reciprocal method, 2D seismic refraction

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