Design Factors and Criteria for Building a Non-Level Pedestrian Crossing at an Urban Campus


Bandung Islamic University (UNISBA) is in a densely populated urban area of Bandung. UNISBA lecture and administrative buildings are scattered in several locations. In architecture typo-morphology terms, a campus building with this environmental setting is often referred to as an urban campus. The high traffic flow on these roads, together with the intense conflict between road crossers, often results in congestion due to vehicle deceleration needed to allow pedestrian crossing. To facilitate the need for the movement for the users of the UNISBA campus buildings and minimize conflicts with road users, infrastructure that connects the UNISBA campus buildings is needed to facilitate pedestrian crossing. The pedestrian crossing could be in the form of a level crossing in the same elevation as the road or a non-level crossing situated above or under the road. The type of pedestrian crossing studied in this paper is a non-level pedestrian crossing in the form of a pedestrian bridge. In designing the infrastructure for non-level crossings, it is necessary to pay attention to the movement patterns that occur and the factors that influence willingness to use. This study aims to determine the movement pattern of UNISBA campus facility users consisting of students, lecturers, educational staff, and visitors by using quantitative origin-destination spatial analysis. Descriptive exploratory factor analysis was also used to determine the preferences of the users of the UNISBA campus buildings to use non-level crossings. The results of this analysis will be the basis for designing non-level accessibility between UNISBA campus buildings.

Keywords: pedestrian crossing, pedestrian bridge, urban campus, urban design, urban mobiity

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