Evaluation of Semen Quality in Bali Bull Based on Different Body Weight and Age at the National Artificial Insemination Center, Singosari -- Indonesia


The aim of this research was to assess the effect of age and body weight on semen quality. The material used was secondary data of 50 Bali Bull from 2012 to 2018 which were grouped as follows. Age 2–4 years: body weight (BW) was low (260-408 kg), medium (409-557 kg) and high (558-706 kg). Age 5–7 years: BW was low (314-470 kg), medium (471-627 kg) and high (628-784 kg). Age 8-10 years: BW was low (481-580 kg), medium (581-680 kg) and high (681-780 kg). The method used in this research is a case study. The obtained data was analyzed by using Nested Completely Randomized Design. The results showed that the older the Bali bull, the volume and individual motility increased (p<0.05) but sperm concentration decreased (p<0.05). Age 2-4 years: BW significantly affected (p<0.05) the volume, sperm concentration and individual motility. Age 5-7 years: BW significantly affected (p<0.05) the volume and individual motility, but not significantly (p>0.05) sperm concentration. Age 8-10 years: BW significantly affected (p<0.05) the volume, sperm concentration and individual motility. The research concluded that the selection of Bali cattle to obtain good quality of semen production should consider the body weight.

Keywords: Age, body weight, semen quality, semen production, Bali bull

[1] Purwantara B, RR Noor, G Andersson and H Rodriguez Mattinez. 2021. Banteng and Bali cattle in Indonesia: status and forecasts. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 47(1): 2-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2011.01956.x

[2] Suyadi S, L Hakim, S Wahjuningsih and H Nugroho. 2014.Reproductive performance of peranakan ongole (po)- and limousin x po crossbred (limpo) cattle at different altitude areas in East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture. 9(11): 81-85.

[3] Mahmood SA, N Ahmad , H Rehman , H Zaneb and U Farooq. 2014. A study on relationships among age, body weight, orchidometryand semen quality parametersin adult Cholistani breeding bulls. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 24(2): 380- 384.

[4] Gupta SK, P Singh, KP Shinde, SA Lone, N Kumar and A Kumar. 2016. Strategies for attaining early puberty in cattle and buffalo: A review. Agricultural Reviews. 37(2): 160-167. DOI: 10.18805/ar.v37i2.10741.

[5] Affandhy L, HP Fitrayady, M Luthfi and Y Widyaningrum. 2018. Effect of live weight on libido, sperm quality, testosterone and Luteinizing Hormone in replacement stock of Ongole Grade bull. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture. 43(4):352- 360. DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.43.4.352-360

[6] Jain R. 2004. Relationship of age, body weight, testicular measurement and semen quality for selection of Karan fries and Sahiwal bulls. Division of Dairy Cattle Breeding National Dairy Research Institute (I.C.A.R).

[7] Isnaini N, S Wahjuningsih, A Ma’ruf A and DA Witayanto. 2019. Effects of age and breed on semen quality of beef bull sires in an Indonesian artificial insemination center. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 31, Article 78.

[8] Lestari SD, TR Tagama and DM Saleh. 2013. Profil produksi semen segar sapi Simmental pada tingkat umur yang berbeda di Balai Inseminasi Buatan Lembang Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan. 1(3): 897-906.

[9] Vince S, IZ Zaja, M Samardzija, IM Balic, M Vilic, D Duricic, H Valpotic, F Markovic and S Milinkovic-Tur. 2017. Age-related differences of semen quality, seminal plasma, and spermatozoa antioxidative and oxidative stress variables in bulls during cold and warm periods of the year. Animal. page 1-10. DOI:10.1017/S1751731117001811

[10] Azzahra FY, ET Setiatin and D Samsudewa. 2016. Evaluasi motilitas dan persentase hidup semen segar sapi PO Kebumen pejantan muda. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia. Vol. 11 No. 2.

[11] Ax RL, M Dally, BA Didion, RW Lenz, CC Love, DD Varner, B Hafez and ME Bellin. 2008a. Semen evaluation. In: Farm Animal Reproduction ed by hafez ese. 7