Leprosy Epidemiology in the Kolaka Regency, Indonesia, 2017-2021


Leprosy is an old disease that can cause paralysis. It has become endemic in most parts of Indonesia. Leprosy patients usually suffer from stigma and decreased self-esteem. This study used data for 2017 – 2021 from the Kolaka District Health Office. It was found that the majority of people with leprosy in Kolaka over the study period had multibacillary leprosy. The case distribution fluctuated over this time period. Most leprosy patients in the Kolaka Regency were in the working area of the Tosiba Health Center.

Keywords: leprosy, Kolaka Regency, Indonesia

[1] Reibel F, Cambau E, Aubry A. Update on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of leprosy. Med Mal Infect. 2015 Sep;45(9):383–93.

[2] Dorilêo GB, Cavalcante LRS, Lopes JC, Damazo AS. Report of two cases of lepromatous leprosy at an early age. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2017;101:46-48.

[3] Riccò M, Vezzosi L, Balzarini F, Mezzoiuso AG, Ranzieri S, Vaccaro FG, et al. Epidemiology of leprosy in Italy (1920 - 2019): A comprehensive review on existing data. Acta Biomed. 2019;90:7–14.

[4] Dharmawan Y, Fuady A, Korfage I, Richardus JH. Individual and community factors determining delayed leprosy case detection: A systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2021;15(8):0009651.

[5] Matos AM, Coelho AC, Araújo LP, Alves MJ, Baquero OS, Duthie MS, et al. Assessing epidemiology of leprosy and socio-economic distribution of cases. Epidemiol Infect. 2018;146(14):1750–5.

[6] Penna MLF, Penna GO. Leprosy frequency in the world, 1999-2010. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 2012;107(1):3-12. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074- 02762012000900002

[7] Das M, Diana D, Wedderburn A, Rajan L, Rao S, Horo I, et al. Molecular epidemiology and transmission dynamics of leprosy among multicase families and case-contact pairs. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;96:172–9.

[8] Khunafa A, Prasetyo A, Wiyono TH, Asyary A. Knowledge and actions of leprosy patients on the incidence of leprosy in Brengkok Village, Brondong Public Health Care of Lamongan Regency, Indonesia. Public Health of Indonesia. 2019;5(4):99– 104.

[9] Tosepu R, Gunawan J, Effendy DS, Fadmi FR. Stigma and increase of leprosy cases in South East Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Afr Health Sci. 2018;18(1):29–31.

[10] Wang L, Sun PW, Yu MW, Gu H, Wang HS, Chen XS. Epidemiological characteristics of leprosy in China, 2018. Int J Dermatol Venereol. 2021;27–30.

[11] Nobre ML, Illarramendi X, Dupnik KM, Hacker MA, Nery JA, Jerônimo SM et al. Multibacillary leprosy by population groups in Brazil: Lessons from an observational study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Feb;11(2):0005364.

[12] Butlin CR, Lockwood DN. Changing proportions of paucibacillary leprosy cases in global leprosy case notification. Lepr Rev. 2020;91(3):255–61.

[13] Pierneef L, van Hooij A, Taal A, Rumbaut R, Nobre ML, van Brakel W, et al. Detection of anti-M. leprae antibodies in children in leprosy-endemic areas: A systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2021;15(8):0009667.

[14] Tosepu R, Effendy DS, Ode L, Imran A, Asfian P. Epidemiology study of leprosy patients in the district of Bombana Southeast Sulawesi Province. Indonesia. 2015;3(5):1262–5.

[15] de Souza EA, Ferreira AF, Heukelbach J, Boigny RN, Alencar CH, Ramos AN. Epidemiology and spatiotemporal patterns of leprosy detection in the state of Bahia, Brazilian Northeast Region, 2001–2014. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2018;3(3):1–16.