Grafting of Tomato with Eggplant Rootstock at Penyabangan Village Payangan Subdistrict of Gianyar Bali


Grafting on tomatoes is performed to obtain tomato plants that are resistant to bacterial wilt, waterlogging resistant, resistant to fusarium wilt and nematodes. Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum causes the tomatoes grown in the rainy season to wilt and die. These bacteria live in the soil and invade plants through roots. To overcome this disease, grafting was carried out by using resistant eggplant as rootstock. This method is expected to reduce the attack of bacterial wilt diseases on tomato plants. The study was conducted in the village of Penyabangan Payangan Gianyar in FY 2014. This area was located at the plateau of AEZ wet climate. The experimental design used was a randomized block design (RBD) with two treatments and 10 replications. Materials used were tomato plants that have been joined with eggplant rootstock (grafted) and tomato plants without root stock (non-grafted) for comparison. The varieties used were varieties F1 Marta. In field applications, the scion was prevented from touching the ground while the rootstock was fully embedded into the ground. Based on the plant height, there was a  slower growth of the grafted tomato plants compared with that of non-grafted one in the early stages of growth but became normal in generative phase. It was also found that the yield of the grafted tomato was lower (2.54 kg. tree-1) than that of the non-grafted  one (3.19 kg.tree-1).


Keywords: grafting; tomatoes; eggplant; stem rot;  bacterial wilt (alphabetic in order).

[1] Mobilizing Vegetable Genetic Resources and Technologies to Enhance Household Nutrition, Income and Livelihoods in Indonesia Semi-annual Technical Progress Report ( January 1–June 30, 2014). Submitted by AVRDC–The World Vegetable Center to USAID Indonesia via ICRISAT August 28, 2014.

[2] AVRDC, 2013. Annual Report of AVRDC project. BPTP Bali.

[3] Kariada, I,K„ I,B, Aribawa, N, Dwijana, dan M,A, Widyaningsih, 2008, Laporan Prima Tani Gianyar, BPTP Bali.

[4] Kariada, I,K„ I,B, Aribawa, N, Dwijana, Fauzan Sigma, M,A, Widyaningsih dan Putu Sweken 2013, Laporan Akhir MP3MI Gianyar. BPTP Bali.

[5] Abdulgani dan H. Sembiring, 2000. Potensi pengembangan lahan kering di NTB. Seminar Nasional IP2TP Denpasar Suprapto., I.N.

[6] Adijaya., dan I.M. Rai Yasa. 2002. Laporan Akhir Penelitian Sistem Usahatani Diversifikasi Lahan Marginal. BPTP Bali.

[7] Guntoro, S., I. M. Rai Yasa, I. M. Londra. 2002. Laporan Pengkajian Sistim Usaha Tani ternak. IP2TP Denpasar, Bali.

[8] Kariada, I.K. dan I.B. Aribawa, 2012. Laporan Uji Adaptasi Beberapa Galur Tomat dari AVRDC. BPTP Bali.

[9] Kariada, I.K., I.B. Aribawa, I.M. Londra dan I.N. Dwijana. 2004. Laporan Akir Pengkajian Sistim Usaha Tani Integrasi Ternak Sapi Potong dan Sayuran Pada FSZ Lahan Kering Dataran Tinggi Beriklim Basah. BPTP Bali.

[10] Gomez, A.K. dan A.A. Gomez. 1995. Prosedur Statistika Untuk Penelitian Pertanian. UI-Press. Jakarta. 698 hlm.

[11] Soepardi, G. 1974. Sifat dan Ciri-ciri Tanah 3. Terjemahan H.O. Buckman dan N.C. Brady. Departemen Ilmu-ilmu Tanah, Faperta IPB Bogor.

[12] Miller, F.P. 1972. Fertilizers and Our Environment. The Fertilizer Hand Book. The Fertilizer Institut New York. Pp. 24-46.