Factors Affecting the Occurrence of Coronary Heart Disease in the General Hospital of Waikabubak, Indonesia


Coronary heart disease (CHD) causes many deaths. It is a disease of the heart that occurs due to decreased blood supply to the heart muscle. Risk factors that can trigger CHD can be grouped into two categories, namely those that cannot be modified and those that can. The risk factors that cannot be modified include heredity, age and gender, while the modifiable risk factors include smoking, hypertension, increased serum cholesterol levels, obesity and diabetes. Basic Health Research data show that in 2018, 1.5% or 15 out of 1000 Indonesians suffered from CHD. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that influence the incidence of CHD at the RSUD Waikabubak. This was a quantitative analytical survey which used a cross-sectional approach. According to the results, CHD was significantly associated with gender (OR = 3.5, p = 0.011), smoking (OR = 3.9, p = 0.006) and hypertension (OR = 4.8, p = 0.001). Of the factors studied, hypertension had the strongest influence on the incidence of CHD.

Keywords: coronary heart disease, the factors that influence

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