The Association Between Nutritional Status and Anemia in Adolescent Girls in Kupang City: A Cross-Sectional Study


Anemia among adolescent females is a leading worldwide public health problem that should be given appropriate attention. Adolescent females are one of the major risk groups for anemia. This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status and anemia in adolescent girls in Kupang City. A cross-sectional study design was employed. This research was conducted from July to August 2021 in Kupang City. Purposive sampling was used and 256 adolescent girls participated. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. The hemoglobin level and anthropometry measures were taken to determine the anemic and nutritional status of the females based on World Health Organization guidelines. Chi-square tests were used to analyze the data. The incidence of anemia among the adolescent girls was 64.5%, while 31% of the girls were underweight. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between nutritional status and anemia among adolescent girls in Kupang city (p = 0.06). The notably high prevalence of anemia found in the adolescent girls was correlated with other health and wellness concerns. Anemia and undernutrition negatively affect academic performance, productivity, and general wellbeing of adolescents. The findings provide helpful information for nurses to initiate effective health promotion and prevention programs for adolescent nutritional status and anemia in the community.

Keywords: anemia, adolescent, females, nutritional status

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