Counselling of Mothers to Improve Interest in Exclusive Breastfeeding


According to the World Health Organization and UNICEF, of all babies born in the world, only 32.6% are exclusively breastfed for the first six months, while in developing countries, only 39% of mothers carry out exclusive breastfeeding. In terms of ASEAN countries, exclusive breastfeeding coverage in India has reached 46%, in the Philippines 34%, in Vietnam 27% and in Myanmar 24%, while in Indonesia it is only 41.9%. One of the reasons mothers do not exclusively breastfeed their babies is a lack of information from health workers (25.6%). The role of health workers in exclusive breastfeeding is necessary, namely by providing information and counselling about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding to mothers. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of counselling on the interest in exclusive breastfeeding at RSUD Waikabubak in 2021. The research method used was quasi-experimental. The sample in this study consisted of 40 postpartum mothers who were being treated in the postpartum room at RSUD Waikabubak in February 2021 and who were recruited through purposive sampling. The results showed that the average value of interest in exclusive breastfeeding before counselling was 62.25, while after being given counselling, the average value was 63.50. Counselling was shown to have a significant effect on the interest in exclusive breastfeeding at RSUD Waikabubak (p < 0.05). Health workers should be more active in providing counselling about exclusive breastfeeding to pregnant and postpartum women.

Keywords: interest, exclusive breastfeeding

[1] UNICEF. Key demographic indicators. UNICEF; 2017. Available from:

[2] Breast feeding week in Indonesia during Covid-19 pandemic. UNICEF; 2020. Available from: 2021-dukungan-lebih-besar-untuk-ibu-menyusui-di-indonesia

[3] Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia. Health profile. Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia; 2018. Available from: PROFIL_KESEHATAN_2018_1.pdf

[4] Zulfayeni, Z. Health service support for exclusive breastfeeding in Pekanbaru. 2015. Available from:

[5] Retnani A. The relationship between the role of health officers and mother’s motivation in exclusive breastfeeding in Wonorejo Village, Kencong District, Jember. 2016. Available from: Dwi Retnani - 112310101020-1-69.pdf?sequence=1

[6] Amelia M. Exclusive breastfeeding, What media is suitable for the lactation counseling team? UNAIR; 2020 Jul 24. Available from: oleh-tim-konseling-laktasi/

[7] Baiduri A. The effect of couple counseling on breastfeeding in third trimester pregnant women on exclusive breastfeeding for 2 weeks in the work area of the Kemuningsari Health Center, Jember. Global Health Science. 2018. 3.

[8] Aprilina. The effectiveness of lactation counseling on knowledge and attitudes in third trimester pregnant women. Garuda. 2017;13.

[9] Slameto, S. Learning and the factors that affect it. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2015. [10] Notoatmodjo, N. Health research methods. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2018.

[11] Ambarwati R, Muis SF, Susanti P. Effect of intensive lactation counseling on exclusive breastfeeding for up to 3 months. Jurnal Gizi Indonesia. 2013;2(1).

[12] Pratiwi BA. The effect of counseling on mothers’ knowledge and attitudes about exclusive breastfeeding in the work area of the West Lingkar Health Center, Bengkulu City. Avicenna: Jurnal Ilmiah. 14.

[13] Pratama O. The effect of health promotion in the role of exclusive breastfeeding in the work area of the Arcamanik Health Center. Jurnal Sehat Masada. 2019;14.