Effect of Health Education Based on the Health Belief Model on Family Knowledge About Covid-19 in Mothers Who Have Children With Stunting
The high numbers of Covid-19 cases have been due to the lack of knowledge of, public awareness of, and compliance with the health protocols. This has led to various perceptions among the public and resulted in people’s poor behavior. The danger of Covid-19 is certainly very worrying, especially for high-risk groups, such as small children with stunting conditions. The Health Belief Model provides a template for how to identify maternal knowledge about diseases and decision-making processes in finding health services. This study aimed to determine the effect of health education based on the Health Belief Model on family knowledge about Covid-19 in mothers who have children with stunting in the village of Jayaratu, Sariwangi District, Tasikmalaya Regency in 2021. This was a descriptive study with a one group pretest-posttest design. There were 36 participants, who were families with children who have stunting. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire in Google Forms, which had been validated. The paired t-test was used for analysis. The results of the study showed that family knowledge about Covid-19 increased, as did family perceptions, after being given health education (p < 0.001). We can conclude that health education based on the Health Belief Model can influence knowledge about Covid-19 in mothers with a child who has stunting. The results of this study are expected to be a reference in efforts to reduce the prevalence of people infected with Covid- 19.
Keywords: Covid-19 knowledge, health education, Health Belief Model (HBM)
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