The Effect of Brisk Walking on Blood Pressure in Hypertension Patients: A Literature Review
Hypertension is a condition caused by disruption in the bloodstream which can make it more difficult for oxygen and food substances (nutrients) from the blood to be delivered to the tissues in need. Hypertension is also known as a silent disease, which can lead to more dangerous and life-threatening complications. As a chronic condition, hypertension requires proper treatment not only pharmacologically but non-pharmacologically. One alternative in improving the circulatory system in the body is brisk walking exercise. The aim of this literature review was to find out the effect of brisk walking on blood pressure in hypertension patients. 10 articles were included, which were found from searching through three databases, namely Google Scholar, PubMed and Science Direct, for experimental studies published from 2017 to 2020. According to the results, brisk walking can control blood pressure from an average of 150 and diastolic measurements of 100 mmHg to an average of 140 and 80 mmHg, respectively, with significant average values from the 10 articles. Brisk walking can reduce blood pressure in hypertension patients when carried out three times a week in the morning, with a duration of 30-45 minutes, for at least three months (regularly).
Keywords: hypertension, brisk walking exercise, blood pressure
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