The Effect of the Activator/Precursor Ratio on the Rheological Properties of the Alkali-activated Mining Waste Mud Paste


To determine the properties of paste, mortar or concrete, it is necessary to understand its rheological behaviour first. This study discusses the effect of the activator/precursor ratio on the rheological properties of the alkali-activated paste. The pastes consisted of a mix of 70 % of tungsten mining waste mud, 15% waste glass and 15% of metakaolin. This mix was activated by combining sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate. Five activator/precursor (a/p) ratios were studied: 0.37, 0.38, 0.39, 0.40 and 0.41. The result obtained shows that the rheology of the pastes is affected by the activator/precursor ratio. The rheological behaviour of the paste fits the Bingham model. The yield stress (τ0) and plastic viscosity (μ) increase inversely with the activator/precursor ratio (e.g. a/p=0.37 gives τ0=84.19 and μ=0.4185; a/p=0.41 gives τ0=30.389 and μ=0.2937). The workability increases proportionally with the activator/precursor ratio (e.g. a/p=0.37 gives a slump=133 mm; a/p=0.41 gives a slump=158 mm). The compressive strength decreases when the activator/precursor ratio increases (e.g. at 28 days for a/p=0.37, the compressive strength was 19.6 MPa; for a/p=0.41, the compressive strength was 13 MPa). Finally, the ideal ratios were 0.38 and 0.39.

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