Impact Analysis of Tropical Cyclone Cempaka-Dahlia on Wave Heights in Indonesian Waters from Numerical Model and Altimetry Satellite


Indonesia is located side by side with the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean where there are often tropical cyclones in these two oceans. As was the case some time ago in the Indian Ocean a tropical cyclone of Cempaka and Dahlia occurred which had a significant impact on Indonesian areas. Another impact felt is the disruption of economic activity in the area of tourism, ports, and power plants. Numerical modeling is carried out to simulate the phenomena of Cempaka and Dahlia tropical cyclones to determine the impacts caused especially in Lampung to Lombok areas. Numerical modeling is done using SWAN version 41.20. SWAN was chosen because it has good modeling calculations in coastal areas and is very suitable for wave analysis in coastal areas. The results of the modeling are verified by the significant wave height correlation coefficient from altimetry satellites that cross the tropical cyclones of Cempaka and Dahlia. The results showed a significant increase in wave height in the study area with an increase of up to 1028.31% at the observation point in Pelabuhan Ratu, West Java Province.

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