Letter to Editor: Tokophobia in Iranian women during the COVID-19 pandemic


This is a Letter to the Editor and does not have an abstract. Please download the PDF or view the article HTML.

[1] World Health Organization. WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19. Available at: https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/ who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020.

[2] Pal M, Berhanu G, Desalegn Ch, Kandi V. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2): An update. Cureus 2020; 12: e7423.

[3] Onder G, Rezza G, Brusaferro S. Case-fatality rate and characteristics of patients dying in relation to COVID-19 in Italy. JAMA 2020; 323: 1775-1776.

[4] Rasmussen SA, Smulian JC, Lednicky JA, Wen TS, Jamieson DJ. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and pregnancy: What obstetricians need to know. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020; 22: 415-426.

[5] Schwartz DA, Graham AL. Potential maternal and infant outcomes from (Wuhan) coronavirus 2019-nCoV infecting pregnant women: Lessons from SARS, MERS, and other human coronavirus infections. Viruses 2020; 12: 194.

[6] Chen YH, Keller J, Wang IT, Lin ChCh, Lin HCh. Pneumonia and pregnancy outcomes: A nationwide population-based study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012; 207: 288.

[7] Poon LC, Yang H, Lee JCS, Copel JA, Leung TY, Zhang Y, et al. ISUOG interim guidance on 2019 novel coronavirus infection during pregnancy and puerperium: Information for healthcare professionals. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2020; 55: 700–708.

[8] Furtado M, Van Lieshout RJ, Van Ameringen M, Green ShM, Frey BN. Biological and psychosocial predictors of anxiety worsening in the postpartum period: A longitudinal study. J Affect Disord 2019; 250: 218–225.

[9] Breslin N, Baptiste C, Gyamfi-Bannerman C, Miller R, Martinez R, Bernstein K, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 infection among asymptomatic and symptomatic pregnant women: Two weeks of confirmed presentations to an affiliated pair of New York City hospitals. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2020; 2: 100118.

[10] Ravaldi C, Wilson A, Ricca V, Homer C, Vannacci A. Pregnant women voice their concerns and birth expectations during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy. Women Birth 2021; 34: 335–343.

[11] Taubman-Ben-Ari O, Chasson M, Abu Sharkia S, Weiss E. Distress and anxiety associated with COVID-19 among Jewish and Arab pregnant women in Israel. J Reprod Infant Psychol 2020; 38: 340–348.

[12] Cowling BJ, Aiello AE. Public health measures to slow community spread of coronavirus disease 2019. J Infect Dis 2020; 221: 1749–1751.

[13] Usher K, Bhullar N, Jackson D. Life in the pandemic: Social isolation and mental health. J Clin Nurs 2020; 29: 2756–2757.

[14] Kontoangelos K, Economou M, Papageorgiou Ch. Mental health effects of COVID-19 pandemic: A review of clinical and psychological traits. Psychiatry Investig 2020; 17: 491–505.

[15] Demšar K, Svetina M, Verdenik I, Tul N, Blickstein I, Velikonja VG. Tokophobia (fear of childbirth): Prevalence and risk factors. J Perinat Med 2018; 46: 151–154.