Determination of serum anti-Mullerian hormone levels in a low-prognosis women treated in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection: A cohort study


Background: Outcome prediction of participants treated with in-vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) using anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) concentration has been widely used. According to the patient-oriented strategies encompassing individualized oocyte number (POSEIDON) definition, low prognosis Bologna responders have changed from poor. This definition divides low prognosis into 4 groups.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess blood AMH levels in the group of women treated with IVF/ICSI who were thought to have a low prognosis.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study among 252 suspected lowprognosis group participants was assessed between January 2016 and December 2019 at Morula IVF, National hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Observed AMH serum levels and pregnancy rates were compared among 4 subgroups.

Results: The AMH cutoff value was 1.7 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 86.7% and a specificity of 70% for diagnosing low-prognosis women using POSEIDON criteria. There was no difference in the pregnancy rate between those groups (p-value > 0.05).

Conclusion: AMH levels may indicate a poor prognosis for women having IVF/ICSI in accordance with POSEIDON guidelines. To predict the poor prognosis in women, the cutoff value must be identified.

Key words: Prognosis, Assisted reproductive technics, Gonadal hormone, Fertilization in vitro, Reproductive health.

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